George Ward of Aston and Cote, Oxfordshire, brother of Thomas Ward?

The family of George Ward from Aston and Cote, Oxfordshire

1.8. George Ward was born 14 Jun 1814 in Cote, Oxfordshire, England, the son of James Ward and Maria Willoughby. He was baptized on 17 Jul 1814 at St. Mary the Virgin, Bampton, Oxfordshire England. He died 7 May 1901 at Mundy, Genesee, Michigan, USA. George married Mary Bridget McCann on 16 Sep 1839 in Mortlake, Surrey, England. She was born about 1818 in Ireland, the daughter of John McCann. She died on 10 Dec 1884 in Mundy, Genesee, Michigan, USA.

Children of George Ward (James1) and Mary Bridget McCann

1.8.1. Mary Ann Ward, Born: Sep 1840 at Mortlake, Surrey, England. Died: 18 Jul 1841 in Mortlake, Surrey, England. Buried: 25 Jul 1841 at St. Mary the Virgin, Mortlake, Surrey, England.
+1.8.2. Maria Ward, Born: 10 Jul 1842 at New Richmond, Surrey, England. Died: 27 Feb 1887 at Hudson, Charlevoix, Michigan, USA. Married: (1) Jeremiah Kirby, son of Jeremiah Kirby, on 17 Jun 1860 at St Peter’s Roman Catholic Church, Woolwich, Kent, England. Married: (2) William A Guerin on 04 Jun 1871 at Detroit, Wayne, Michigan, USA. Had issue with (1).

1.8.2.1. Agnes Maria Kirby Barr, Born: 09 Feb 1861 at Woolwich Arsenal, Kent, England. Died: 19 Mar 1924 at Wheeler Township, Gratiot, Michigan, USA. Married: Emory Barr on 27 Jan 1880 at Gaylord, Otsego, Michigan, USA.

1.8.3. Margaret Ward, Born: 16 Jun 1844 at Rope Yard Rails, Woolwich, Kent, England. Died: 1845 at Great Spring Street, Shadwell, Middlesex, England. Buried: 19 Aug 1845 at St. Paul’s Church, Shadwell, Middlesex, England.
1.8.4. James Ward, Born: 10 Nov 1846 at Great Spring Street, Shadwell, Middlesex, England. Baptized on 6 Dec 1846 at St. Mary & St. Michael Roman Catholic Church, Commercial Road, Stepney. Died: Jan 1848 at Great Spring Street, Shadwell, Middlesex, England. Buried: 25 Jan 1848 at St. Paul’s Church, Shadwell, Middlesex, England.
1.8.5. Edward Ward, Born: 19 Jan 1849 at Shadwell, Middlesex, England. Baptized on 4 Feb 1849 at St. Mary & St. Michael Roman Catholic Church, Commercial Road, Stepney. Died: 15 Aug 1920 at Merrill, Saginaw, Michigan, USA. Married: (1) Julia Gray on 02 Aug 1872 at Linden, Genesee, Michigan, USA. Married: (2) Eliza Ann Wood Gilson on 11 Oct 1882 at Saginaw City, Saginaw, Michigan, USA. Married: (3) Helen A Washburn on 11 Oct 1906 at Gratiot, Michigan, USA.
+1.8.6. Agnes Ward, Born: 05 Mar 1851 at Shadwell, Middlesex, England. Baptized on 25 Mar 1851 at St. Mary & St. Michael Roman Catholic Church, Commercial Road, Stepney. Died: 06 Jan 1915 at Linden, Genesee, Michigan, USA. Married: George W Brewer, son of William Ransom Brewer and Sarah J Stern, about 1870 in Michigan, USA. Had issue.

1.8.6.1. George Brewer, Born: 1874 — 25 May 1896)
1.8.6.2. Emily Brewer Eaton, Born: 21 Jan 1876 —1947)
1.8.6.3. Alfred Brewer, Born: (12 Apr 188025 Sep 1881)
1.8.6.4. Edward Brewer, Born: (28 Jan 188407 Aug1952)
1.8.6.5. Sarah Blanche Brewer Benedict, Born: (28 Oct 1888 — 1978)
1.8.6.6. Emery Ward Brewer, Born: (28 Nov 1892 — 1956)

George Ward was the eighth or ninth child of James Ward and Maria Willoughby, born in the hamlet of Aston and Cote, south of Witney and north of the River Thames in Oxfordshire.1

Baptism of George Ward at Bampton, son of James Ward and Maria, Cote, Oxfordshire 17 Jul 1814
Baptism of George Ward at Bampton, son of James Ward and Maria, Cote, Oxfordshire 17 Jul 1814

James was an agricultural labourer who rented a messauge (small house) with a garden in Cote on the road to Shifford, now an abandoned village. As Cote still had an open field system at this time, James and his family would have had use of common lands for farming and pasture.2

 

Declining agricultural revenue for manors and growing cities meant poor opportunities for young men in rural areas. George and two of his brothers John and James had several run-ins with the law in Aston and Cote. At age 18, George spent 7 days in prison3 and received a whipping for stealing fish in the nearby village of Shifford.4 See Oxfordshire Wards Part II: James Ward of Aston and Cote for more information on James Ward’s family at Aston and Cote.

Shifford St. Mary, view from the south bank of the Thames, Andrew Smith, CC BY-SA 2.0
Shifford St. Mary, view from the south bank of the Thames, Andrew Smith, CC BY-SA 2.08

Recently, the Oxfordshire Family History Society contracted with Ancestry.com to place scans of parish registers on its website. I discovered an entry in the Marriage Banns at Shifford, St. Mary for George Ward and Fanny Brooks. Banns were posted thrice on August 23th, 30th, and Oct 6th 1835, but the couple never married. George was 19 years old and had recently been imprisoned for stealing fish from another Shifford resident, Thomas Rose. Maybe someone in the town objected to this marriage.

George Ward and Fanny Brooks, Banns of Marriage, 23 Aug, 30 Aug, 6 Sep 1835, Shifford, Oxfordshire
George Ward and Fanny Brooks, Banns of Marriage, 23 Aug, 30 Aug, 6 Sep 1835, Shifford, Oxfordshire

George’s last record in Oxfordshire was a two-month prison sentence for poaching in 1837.9 He next appears in Mortlake, Surrey, on 16 Sep 1839 marrying his Irish-born wife Mary Bridget McCann at the church of St. Mary the Virgin.10 My ancestor Thomas Ward was living in Mortlake at this time and had had married his wife Mary Ann Maria Walters at St. Mary the Virgin, Mortlake the year before on 5 Aug 1838.11 Both men were sons of James Ward, labourer, neither could read or write and both were from the same area of Oxfordshire.12 In the post Oxfordshire Wards Part I: Thomas Ward, son of James. Which James? I explore all available sources to determine Thomas’s parentage and come to the conclusion James Ward and Maria Willoughby are his most likely parents unless there James Ward I have yet to uncover (this is a possibility given how common the name Ward is).

There was an article in several major newspapers in February 1839 about a waterman with the surname Ward who lived in Mortlake and drowned in a boating accident in which three of the four men in in the boat were passed out drunk when it capsized.13 I could not find out the first name of the man Ward who drowned. Several of George’s (and possibly Thomas’s) brothers remain unaccounted for (John, James and Job), so it could have been one of them as the incident occurred during the time both George and Thomas were living in Mortlake.

George and Bridget Ward’s first child Mary Ann Ward was born in Mortlake in 1840.14 The family appears in the 1841 Census in Mortlake, living on the Lower Road to Richmond.15 Mary Ann died on 18 Jul 1841 of convulsions at the age of 10 Months.16 They had a second daughter Maria Ward (1842-1887) born the next year on 12 Jul 1842. The address on her birth certificate is “New Richmond.”17

From here, the family moved to Woolwich to find work at the London Docks. George and Bridget’s third child Margaret Ward (1844-1845) was born here at Rope Yard Rails on 16 Jun 1844.18 Sadly, Margaret died the next year. The burial register of St. Paul’s Church in Shadwell, across the river from Woolwich, recorded her burial on 19 Aug 1845.19 By 1845, George and Bridget were living on Great Spring Street in Shadwell, where they appear in the 1851 Census of England.20

1851 England Census

12 Great Spring St, Shadwell, Middlesex

George Ward – 35, head, lab b. Harson (Aston?) Oxfordshire
Bridget Ward – 32, wife, b. Ireland
Maria Ward – 8, dau, b. Shadwell
Edward Ward- 2, son, b. Shadwell
Agnes Ward – 1 month, dau, b. Shadwell

George and Bridget had three more children before this census record in 1851. They were all baptized at St. Mary & St. Michael’s Roman Catholic Church, Commercial Road in Stepney.

James Ward was born on 10 Nov 1846 died at, and was buried alongside his sister Margaret at St. Paul’s Church in 1848.21 Edward Ward (1849-1920) and Agnes Ward (1851-1915) were both born in Shadwell.22, 23 The London Dock Company demolished this section of Shadwell between 1854-1858 to make room for Shadwell New Basin.24

1200px-Shadwell_Basin
Shadwell Basin with St Paul’s Church in the foreground, Dave Pape, 2007, released to Public Domain25

The Wards moved back to Woolwich where George set up a Greengrocer’s business at 55 Woolwich High Street. Bridget played an active part in the family’s business. She ran a busy illegal pawnshop, called a leaving-shop, within George’s greengrocer building.26 This type business required a thick skin to operate. Prostitutes and thieves were frequent customers.27 In 1861, a “female of bad repute” and her male companion assaulted George and Bridget outside of their shop in broad daylight. The woman attempted to bite George’s nose off during the attack. Later in court, she claimed Bridget had a cape that belonged to her and that this is what prompted the assault.28

George and Bridget’s oldest living daughter Maria Ward married Jeremiah Kirby, a London Docks worker on 17 Jun 1860 at St. Peter’s Catholic Church in Woolwich.29 They had one daughter Agnes Maria Kirby, born on 15 Nov 1861 at 55 Woolwich High Street, the home of her grandparents George and Bridget Ward.30 The family does not appear in the 1861 Census because the section including Woolwich Arsenal does not survive.31

Jeremiah Kirby made the newspapers in January 1863 for stabbing a man named Thomas Barrett at the Three Daws public house on Woolwich High Street.32 He was intoxicated at the time. A witness to the stabbing was Jeremiah’s mate Alfred Ward, who I believe was George Ward’s younger brother Alfred Ward (1829-?) who had also moved from Oxfordshire in the 1840s and found work as a Navvy.

George Ward appeared before the Woolwich Police Court in February of 1863 as part of a “sting” to get rid of Woolwich leaving shops. George escaped punishment because it could not be proved in the court that day that Bridget, who interacted with the shop’s customers and negotiated pricing, was George’s wife or that she had acted on his behalf.33 George and Bridget left for America two months later.

THE WOOLWICH “LEAVING SHOPS.”—Walter Gee, 1, Market hill, Geo. Ward, 54 High street, James Borer, High street, William Butler, Warwick street, and mary Ann Davis, Union buildings, in this town, were summoned on Tuesday, by Mr. Varley, supervisor, and Mr. Hugh Tilsby, solicitor for the Crown, for keeping unlicensed pawnshops, commonly called “leaving shops,” contrary to the Pawnbrokers’ Act.…
-George Ward was then called for a similar offense. A woman here acted as the pawnbroker, and as no evidence was adduced to show she was the wife of Ward, or that she acted by his authority, the case was dismissed. … Mr. Maude expressed his approval of the Excise taking these measures, and his surprise that poor people should frequent these places, and he further hoped that the present prosecution would be the means of doing away with the Woolwich “leaving shops.”

George Ward arrived in New York on 11 May 1863 on the SS North American with his wife, three children Maria, Edward, Agnes and grandchild Agnes Maria.34 He purchased 40 acres of land in Mundy Township, Genesee County Michigan on Cook Road across from a man named Isaac Brewer.35 The family appears living here in the 1870 US Census.36

George Ward Isaac Brewer Genesee Co Land Ownership Map
George Ward, 40 Acres, Section 19, Mundy Twp, Genesee County, Michigan, Land Ownership Map35

Maria Ward’s husband Jeremiah Kirby did not make the trip to America. It is unclear if he died, was in prison or received a transportation sentence, but all are likely scenarios given Jeremiah’s history of stabbing people while drinking. Maria married William Guerin on 4 Jun 1871 in Detroit, MI.37 She died on 27 Feb 1887 of cancer.38 Agnes Ward, George and Bridget’s youngest child, married George W Brewer, the brother of their neighbor Isaac Brewer, around 1870. They had seven children: George E Brewer (1874-1896), Emily Brewer Eaton (1876-1947), Alfred Brewer (1880-1881), Edward Brewer (1884-1952), Sarah Blanche Brewer Benedict (1888-1978), Emery Ward Brewer (1893-1956) and one unknown child. George and Agnes moved up to Saginaw City, Michigan in the 1880s along with Agnes’s brother Edward Ward.

Meanwhile, Thomas Ward’s son Alfred Ward (185339-193340) and his wife Rosina Courtneidge Ward (1853-1883)41 emigrated from England. Arriving in New York on 22 Sep 1880,42 Alfred settled his family in Saginaw City. Rosina Courtneidge Ward died on 6 Feb 188343 followed by the couple’s infant son several months later.44 Alfred was left alone to care for his two young sons, Alfred Earnest Ward (1879-1953) and Charles James Ward (1880-1953).

Both Alfred Ward45 and Edward Ward appear in the Saginaw City Directory for 1882-3.46 Alfred Ward was living on Perry Street as stated in his wife’s obituary,47 so this is the same Alfred Ward. He is working as a laborer for George Morley of Morley Bros. a construction and hardware distribution company. Edward Ward was living a block away and working as a clerk and foreman for the same company, George Morley. The directory misspells Morley as Morris in the directory, but given the location and the lack of a company with the name George Morris, it is certain they were working for George Morley of Morley Brothers. He is boarding at the home of widow Eliza Gilson, whom he married in 1882.47 If Thomas Ward and George Ward are brothers, then Alfred and Edward Ward would be first cousins and George would be his uncle. I think this is likely, given the family’s common locations in England and the USA but I still cannot prove it with direct records.

After Rosina Ward’s death in 1883, Alfred Ward moved to Mundy Township in Genesee County, where George Ward was living on his farm with his wife Bridget.48 He married Mary Jane Kitelinger on 25 Dec 1883 in Thetford, Genesee County, Michigan. She was the daughter of John Kitelinger and Mary Brewer, and the first cousin of George W Brewer (Alice Ward’s husband) and Isaac Brewer, George Ward’s neighbor. Alfred listed his address as Mundy Township and witnesses were Isaac Brewer of Mundy and Sarah Brooks of Thetford.49

The marriage was short-lived, and Alfred married his third and final wife Helen Close on 4 Jul 1896 in Mundy, Michigan.50 They moved to Swartz Creek, Genesee County, Michigan where they had six children, Rosina Ward Farrar (1897-1916), Sadie Muriel Ward (1899-1900), Elizabeth Ward Steel (1901-2003), Delia H Ward Delong (1903-2001) Eldridge E Ward (1905-?) and Isabelle Ward Powers (1908-1979).

George Ward’s wife Mary Bridget McCann Ward died on 10 Dec 1884,53 after which George went to live with his son Edward Ward in Saginaw City, who was by this time working as an undertaker.54
Edward apparently became “very cross” and sent 85 year-old George to the poorhouse.55

George Ward did go to live in the poorhouse where he appears as a boarder in the 1900 Census.56 The superintendents of the county poor did not appreciate the fact that he had a son (with no dependent children)57 capable of supporting him and succeeded petitioning the court to compel Edward to contribute $2 a week to the upkeep of his father George.58

George died on 7 May 1901 at the age of 86 in Mundy Township. Edward and his wife were called down from their home in Merrill, Saginaw County, to attend his funeral.59 Agnes Brewer of Swartz Creek was the informant on his death certificate. She listed his parents’ names as James Ward and Teresa Willoughby. George’s mother was actually Maria Willoughby, who died when he was three years old. Teresa Howson was his stepmother who married his father when he was five so the mix-up on the information given by his daughter for the certificate is understandable.60

Reference Notes


  1. Bampton, St. Mary the Virgin, Oxfordshire, Register of Baptisms, George Ward, son of James Ward and Maria of Cote, baptized 17 Feb 1814, p. 11, no. 87, reference no. PAR16/1/R2/1; digital images, “Oxfordshire, England, Church of England Births and Baptisms, 1813-1915,” Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com/sharing/9514174?h=d343bd : accessed 2 Oct 2016); citing: original Church of England parish registers deposited at the Oxfordshire History Centre, Cowley, Oxfordshire.
  2. A P Baggs, Eleanor Chance, Christina Colvin, C J Day, Nesta Selwyn and S C Townley. “Aston and Cote: Introduction,” in A History of the County of Oxford: Volume 13, Bampton Hundred (Part One), ed. Alan Crossley and C R J Currie (London: Victoria County History, 1996), 62-66. British History Online, accessed July 15, 2016, http://www.british-history.ac.uk/vch/oxon/vol13/pp62-66.
  3. “County Sessions,” The Berkshire Chronicle and Windsor Herald, 7 Jul 1832, p. 3, col. 3; online archives, British Newspaper Archive, http://britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk : 2016. “James Slater and George Ward, for stealing fish, the property of Thomas Rose and another, of Shifford; Slater six weeks imprisonment, Ward seven days–each to be whipped.”
  4. Oxfordshire Gaol Registers, George Ward, Midsummer Quarter Sessions 1832, guilty of Larceny, 7 days in prison and whipped; digital images, “England & Wales, Criminal Registers, 1791-1892,” Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com/sharing/9514243?h=c88f7a : accessed 20 Aug 2016); citing: Class: HO 27; Piece: 44; Page: 99, Home Office: Criminal Registers, The National Archives of the UK, Kew, Surrey, England.
  5. “Commitments to the county Gaol,” The Oxford University and City Herald, 31 Aug 1833, p. 3, col. 4; online archives, British Newspaper Archive, http://britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk : 2016. “George Ward, charged with feloniously breaking open the dwelling-house of James Bedwell, of Aston, and stealing two half-sovereigns and three half-crowns, his property.”
  6. Oxfordshire Gaol Registers, George Ward, Lent Assizes 1834, not guilty of Larceny; digital images, “England & Wales, Criminal Registers, 1791-1892,” Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com/sharing/9514293?h=55af9b : accessed 20 Aug 2016); citing: Class: HO 27; Piece: 48; Page: 98, Home Office: Criminal Registers, The National Archives of the UK, Kew, Surrey, England.
  7. Reading Mercury Oxford Gazette, 2 Sep 1833, p. 3, col. 1; online archives, British Newspaper Archive, http://britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk : 2016. “George Ward, charged with breaking open the dwelling house of James Bedwell at Aston, and stealing therefrom a quantity of money, his property.”
  8. “Church of England Parish Church of St Mary, Shifford: view from the south bank of the Thames,” photograph, By Andrew Smith, CC BY-SA 2.0, Wikimedia Commons (https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=12901239 : accessed 5 Nov 2016.)
  9. “Commitments to the County Gaol,” Oxford Chronicle and Reading Gazette, 11 Mar 1837, p. 3, col. 1; online archives, British Newspaper Archive, http://britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk : 2016.”George Ward, Aston, by the Revd. John Hyde charged with poaching; 2 months.”
  10. St. Mary the Virgin, Mortlake, Surrey, Register of Marriages, George Ward & Bridget McCann, married 16 Sep 1839, p. 18, no. 25, reference no. 2397/1/18; digital images, “Surrey, England, Church of England Baptisms 1813-1912,” Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com/sharing/9513887?h=ed1e86 : accessed 20 Aug 2016), citing: original Church of England parish registers deposited at the Surrey History Centre, Woking.
  11. England, marriage certificate for Thomas Ward and Mary Ann Maria Waters, married 5 Aug 1838, registered Jul-Sep 1838, Richmond, vol. 4, p. 411, no. 14, Mortlake, Surrey; General Register Office, Southport.
  12. “1871 England Census,” Thomas Ward family, no. 242, 7 Mendip Rd, St. John’s, Battersea, Registration District: Wandsworth, County of Surrey, Class: RG10; Piece: 701; Folio: 79; Page: 49; GSU roll: 823340; digital images, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com/sharing/9513529?h=66c1bb : accessed 20 Aug 2016); citing Census Returns of England and Wales, 1871 held atThe National Archives of the UK, Kew, Surrey, England.
  13. “Fatal and Melancholy Accident on the River, Three Lives Lost,” The Evening Chronicle 25 Feb 1839 p3; online archives, British Newspaper Archive, http://britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk : 2016.
  14. “England & Wales, Civil Registration Birth Index, 1837-1915,” Mary Ann Ward, birth, quarter: Oct-Dec 1840, vol. 4, p. 339, Registration District: Richmond, Surrey; digital images, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com/sharing/9514668?h=4717e5 : accessed 20 Aug 2016).
  15. “1841 England Census,” George Ward, Mary Ward and Ann Ward, Class: HO107; Piece: 1062; Book: 3; Civil Parish: Richmond; County: Surrey; Enumeration District: 1; Folio: 39; Page: 7; GSU roll: 474656; digital images, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com/sharing/9513974?h=af6422 : accessed 20 Aug 2016); citing: Census Returns of England and Wales, 1841 held at The National Archives of the UK, Kew, Surrey, England.
  16. England, death certificate for Mary Ward, age 10 mos, daughter of George Ward, labourer, died 18 Jul 1841 of convulsions, registered 23 Jul 1841, Registration District: Richmond, vol. 4, p. 241, no. 356, Mortlake, Surrey; General Register Office, Southport.
  17. England, birth certificate for Maria Ward, born 10 Jul 1842, daughter of George Ward and Bridget McCann, labourer at New Richmond, registered 11 Aug 1842, Registration District: Richmond, vol. 4, p. 369, no. 493, New Richmond, Surrey; General Register Office, Southport.
  18. England, birth certificate for Margaret Ward, born 16 Jun 1844, daughter of George Ward and Bridget McCann, labourer at Rope Yard Rails, Woolwich, registered 11 Jul 1844, Registration District:Greenwich, vol. 5, p. 236, no. 235, Rope Yard Rails, Woolwich, Kent; General Register Office, Southport.
  19. St. Paul’s Church, Shadwell, Register of Burials, Margaret Ward, age 1 year 2 mos, buried 19 Aug 1845, p. 151, no. 1208; digital images, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com/sharing/9514709?h=6d1814 : accessed 20 Aug 2016); citing: Church of England Parish Registers, 1754-1921. London Metropolitan Archives, London.
  20. “1851 England Census,” George Ward family, 12 Great Spring Street, St. Paul Shadwell, Registration District: Stepney, County of Middlesex, Class: HO107; Piece: 1550; Folio: 283; Page: 51; GSU roll: 174780; digital images, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com/sharing/9513958?h=6834ce : accessed 20 Aug 2016); citing: Census Returns of England and Wales, 1851 held at The National Archives of the UK, Kew, Surrey, England.
  21. St. Paul’s Church, Shadwell, Register of Burials, James Ward, age 1 year 2 mos, buried 25 May 1848, p. 204, no. 1626; digital images, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com/sharing/9514803?h=b2d581 : accessed 20 Aug 2016); citing: Church of England Parish Registers, 1754-1921. London Metropolitan Archives, London.
  22. “England & Wales, Civil Registration Birth Index, 1837-1915,” Edward Ward, birth, quarter: Jan-Mar 1849, vol. 2, p. 603, Registration District: Stepney, London; digital images, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com/sharing/5682614?h=189d89 : accessed 20 Aug 2016).
  23. “England & Wales, Civil Registration Birth Index, 1837-1915,” Agnes Ward, birth, quarter: Jan-Mar 1851, vol. 2, p. 636, Registration District: Stepney, London; digital images, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com/sharing/9514841?h=722199 : accessed 20 Aug 2016).
  24. Rodney Gilbert, “Letters from the Goldfields,” Raleigh, North Carolina: Lulu.com, 2014, p. 122; online archives, Google Books (https://books.google.com/books?id=dUzTCgAAQBAJ : accessed 20 Aug 2016).
  25. Shadwell Basin, photograph By Dave Pape, Public Domain, Wikimedia Commons (https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=2503181 : accessed 20 Aug 2016).
  26. “Jack Ashore,” Woolwich Kentish and Surrey Mercury, 16 Mar 1861, p. 5; online archives, The British Newspaper Archive, http://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/ : 2016.
  27. “Savage Assault,” Woolwich Kentish and Surrey Mercury, 11 May 1861, p. 5; online archives, The British Newspaper Archive, http://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/ : 2016.
  28. “Woolwich Police Court,” The Kentish Independent, 23 Aug 1862 p. 4; online archives, The British Newspaper Archive, http://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/ : 2016.
  29. England, marriage certificate for Jeremiah Kerby and Maria Ward, married 17 Jun 1860,St. Peter’s Roman Catholic Church, Woolwich, registered: Apr-Jun 1860, Registration District: Greenwich, vol. 1d, p. 951, no. 130, Woolwich, Kent; General Register Office, Southport.
  30. England, birth certificate for Agnes Maria Kerby, born 15 Nov 1861, daughter of Jeremiah Kerby and Agnes Ward, dockyard labourer, 55 Woolwich High St, registered Oct-Nov 1861, Registration District: Greenwich, vol. 1d, p. 662, no. 78, Woolwich Arsenal, Kent; General Register Office, Southport.
  31. “Searching the 1861 England, Wales & Scotland Census,” FindMyPast (http://www.findmypast.co.uk/articles/world-records/full-list-of-united-kingdom-records/census-land-and-surveys/1861-england-wales-and-scotland-census : accessed 20 Aug 2016).
  32. “Stabbing Case,”Woolwich Kentish and Surrey Mercury, 10 Jan 1863, p. 5; online archives, The British Newspaper Archive, http://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/ : 2016.
  33. “The Woolwich ‘Leaving Shops’,”Woolwich Kentish and Surrey Mercury, 28 Feb 1863 p. 5; online archives, The British Newspaper Archive, http://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/ : 2016.
  34. “New York Passenger Lists, 1820-1891,” George Ward, shopkeeper age 47, passenger arrivals, SS North American from Liverpool; database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:QV33-XF1X : 15 Apr 2015); citing NARA microfilm publication M237, National Archives and Records Administration, Washington, DC.
  35. “U.S., Indexed County Land Ownership Maps, 1860-1918,” G Ward, Mundy, Genesee County, Michigan, 1873; digital images, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com/sharing/9515367?h=5cc2a4 : accessed 20 Aug 2016).
  36. 1870 United States Census, Genesee County, Michigan, population schedule, George Ward, Bridget Ward and Edward Ward, Mundy Township, p. 34; digital images, Archive.org (https://archive.org/stream/populationschedu0671unit#page/n777/mode/2up : 2010); citing: “Ninth Census of the United States, 1870,” NARA microfilm publication M593, Roll: 671; Page: 350B, Records of the Bureau of the Census, Record Group 29, National Archives and Records Administration, Washington, DC.
  37. “Michigan Marriages, 1868-1925,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:N3Z5-24P : accessed 20 Aug 2016), William J. Guerin and Maria Kirby, 04 Jun 1871; citing Detroit, Wayne, Michigan, v 3 p 278 rn 3578, Department of Vital Records, Lansing; FHL microfilm 2,342,453.
  38. “Michigan Deaths, 1867-1897,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:N3XL-NM9 : accessed 20 Aug 2016), Ann Maria Guerin, 27 Feb 1887; citing p 160 rn 39, Hudson, Charlevoix, Michigan, Department of Vital Records, Lansing; FHL microfilm 2,363,633.
  39. St. Mary’s Church, Battersea, Register of Baptisms, Alfred Ward, son of Thomas and Mary Ann Maria Ward, baptized 20 Oct 1853, born 18 Aug 1853, p. 225, no. 1796; digital images, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com/sharing/9513942?h=b26915 : accessed 20 Aug 2016); citing: Church of England Parish Registers, 1754-1921. London Metropolitan Archives, London.
  40. “Death Records, 1921-1947,”death certificate for Alfred Ward, age 79, died 20 Jun 1933, no.015225; digital images, Seeking Michigan(seekingmichigan.com…Alfred Ward : accessed 20 Aug 2016 2016); citing: Death Certificates held at Michigan Department of Community Health, Vital Records Office, Lansing.
  41. St. John the Evangelist, Lambeth, Surrey, Register of Marriages, Alfred Ward and Rosina Courtneidge, married 21 Jul 1879, p. 207, no. 413; digital images, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com/sharing/9513935?h=080adc : accessed 20 Aug 2016); citing: Church of England Parish Registers, 1754-1921. London Metropolitan Archives, London.
  42. “New York Passenger Lists, 1820-1891,” Alfred Ward, age 24, 22 Sep 1880, passenger arrivals, SS California from Liverpool; database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:939V-R91L-8 : 15 Apr 2015); citing NARA microfilm publication M237, National Archives and Records Administration, Washington, DC.
  43. Rosina Ward obituary, Saginaw (Michigan) Daily Courier, 7 Feb 1883, p. 7.
  44. “Michigan Deaths, 1867-1897,” Infant of Alfred Ward, died 15 Jan 1883; database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:N3JB-3JV : 12 Dec 2014); citing p. 73, record no. 318, Saginaw, Saginaw, Michigan, Department of Vital Records, Lansing; FHL microfilm 2,363,672.
  45. Rosina Ward funeral notice, Saginaw (Michigan) Daily Courier, 8 Feb 1883, p. 7
  46. “Saginaw, Michigan, City Directory, 1883,” Alfred Ward, labourer, George Morris, res s s Perry nr Water, SC; digital images, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com/sharing/9515595?h=3683cd : accessed 20 Aug 2016)
  47. “Saginaw, Michigan, City Directory, 1883,” Edward Ward, clerk, George Morris, bds n e cor Washington and Saginaw, SC; digital images, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com/sharing/9515566?h=472475 : accessed 20 Aug 2016)
  48. 1880 United States Census, Genesee County, Michigan, population schedule, George Ward and Mary B Ward, Mundy Township, ED: 083, p. 20; digital images, Archive.org (https://archive.org/stream/10thcensus0579unit#page/n733/mode/2up : 2010); citing: “Tenth Census of the United States, 1880,” NARA microfilm publication T9, Roll: 579; Page: 364D, Records of the Bureau of the Census, Record Group 29, National Archives and Records Administration, Washington, DC.
  49. “Michigan Marriages, 1868-1925,”Alfred Ward & Mary Jane Kitelinger, 25 Dec 1883; database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:NQ3T-6XQ : accessed 20 Aug 2016), citing: Thetford, Genesee, Michigan, vol. 1, p. 344, record no. 5592, Department of Vital Records, Lansing; FHL microfilm 2,342,472.
  50. “Michigan Marriages, 1868-1925,”Alfred Ward and Helen Close, 04 Jul 1896; database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:NQ3Z-QNS : accessed 20 Aug 2016); citing: Flint, Genesee, Michigan, vol. 1, p. 17, record no. 3180, Department of Vital Records, Lansing; FHL microfilm 2,342,503.
  51. “Michigan, County Marriages, 1820-1940,” Alfred Ward and Helen Close, 15 Nov 1910, p. 295, record no. 9530; database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:FCCK-V1C : accessed 20 Aug 2016).
  52. “Discover they have no divorce,” Saginaw (Michigan) Daily News, 8 Oct 1910, p.2, col. 5; online archives, Genealogy Bank, genealogybank.com : 2014.
  53. “Michigan Deaths, 1867-1897,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:N3V3-6TY : 12 December 2014), Mary B. Ward, 10 Dec 1884; citing p 242 rn 162, Mundy, Genesee, Michigan, Department of Vital Records, Lansing; FHL microfilm 2,363,673.
  54. 1900 United States Census, Genesee County, Michigan, population schedule, Edward Ward, Eliza A Ward and Pearl Ward, Jonesfield, Saginaw, ED: 038, SD: 8; digital images, Archive.org (https://archive.org/stream/12thcensusofpopu739unit#page/n511/mode/2up : 2010); citing: “Twelfth Census of the United States, 1900,” NARA microfilm publication T623, Roll: 739; Page: 2A, Records of the Bureau of the Census, Record Group 29, National Archives and Records Administration, Washington, DC.
  55. “George Ward, age 85 goes to poorhouse,” The Flint (Michigan) Journal, 2 May 1889, p. 3, col.3; online archives, Genealogy Bank (http://www.genealogybank.com/ : accessed 20 Aug 2016).
  56. 1900 United States Census, Genesee County, Michigan, population schedule, George Ward, 86, boarder, Jonesfield, Saginaw, ED: 038, SD: 8; digital images, Archive.org (https://archive.org/stream/12thcensusofpopu739unit#page/n513/mode/2up : 2010); citing: “Twelfth Census of the United States, 1900,” NARA microfilm publication T623, Roll: 739; Page: 3A, Records of the Bureau of the Census, Record Group 29, National Archives and Records Administration, Washington, DC.
  57. “Superintendents petition from Edward Ward for his father George in poorhouse,” Saginaw Michigan News, 8 Jun 1900, p. 5, col. 4; online archives Genealogy Bank (http://www.genealogybank.com/ : accessed 20 Aug 2016).
  58. “Judge secures support for George Ward from son Edward,” Saginaw Michigan News, 21 Aug 1900, p. 5, col. 2; online archives Genealogy Bank (http://www.genealogybank.com/ : accessed 20 Aug 2016).
  59. “Edward Ward and wife called to Mundy, Genesee County for the death of George Ward,” Saginaw Michigan News, 17 May 1901, p. 9; online archives Genealogy Bank (http://www.genealogybank.com/ : accessed 20 Aug 2016).
  60. “Death Records, 1897-1920,”death certificate for Geo Ward, age 85, died 7 May 1901, no.8; digital images, Seeking Michigan (http://seekingmichigan.contentdm.oclc.org/cdm/singleitem/collection/p129401coll7/id/811472/rec/10 : accessed 20 Aug 2016); citing: Death Certificates held at Michigan Department of Community Health, Vital Records Office, Lansing.

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