James Watson, shoemaker, and Ann Copperthite of St. Luke, Chelsea

Photos of St. Luke’s Church in Chelsea. 1. Exterior of the Church,1 2. Interior, looking west down the nave,2 3. Stained Glass Window,3 4. West End and Organ4

My great great grandmother Sarah Hannah Lucy Courtneidge was born in 1844 in Wimbledon, Surrey. She was the daughter of Charles Courtneidge, a coachman, and Sarah Watson, a shoemaker’s daughter from Chelsea.5 Sarah married Thomas James Ward, the son of a Battersea Candle Factory worker, in 1867.6 Their ninth child, Alfred John Ward (1883-1953), immigrated to America in 1911 to work as a golf professional. His only son James Joseph Ward was my grandfather. For more information about Thomas James Ward and Sarah Hannah Lucy Courtneidge, and their children and grandchildren, see: Thomas James Ward, distillery worker and builder’s labourer from Battersea

Sarah’s mother Sarah Watson had been born on 1 Aug 1818 in the parish of St. Luke, Chelsea, which was then in the county of Middlesex.5 She was the first child of James Watson, a shoemaker, and Ann Copperthite. The surname Copperthite is a variation of Copperthwaite or Cowperthwaite. It is a locative name from Copperthwaite in Marrick, North Yorkshire.7 Ann was born in 1792 to John and Rosanna Copperthwaite.8 She was baptized in 1792 at St. Paul’s Church in Hammersmith, Middlesex. I have not yet found James Watson’s family of origin.

James Watson & Ann Copperthite marriage, 1817, Wandsworth
James Watson & Ann Copperthite marriage, 28 Oct 1817, All Saints Church, Wandsworth9
  1. James Watson and Ann Copperthite were married on 28 Oct 1817 at All Saints Church in Wandsworth.9  James and Ann had eight known children, all born in Chelsea.
    +1.1. Sarah Watson, Born 1 Aug 1818, baptized 6 Sep 1818 at St. Luke, Chelsea.6 Married Charles Courtneidge on 11 Jun 1838 at St. Mary’s Church, Lambeth, Surrey.10 Married William Thomas Parsons on 28 Mar 1869 at St. Mary Magdalen, Richmond, Surrey.11 Died 10 Mar 1885 at the Richmond Workhouse, Surrey.12
    1.2. Joseph Robert Watson, b. 25 Aug 1820, baptized 8 Oct 1820 at St. Luke, Chelsea.13 Married Elizabeth Middleton 1840 at Kensington, Middlesex, England.14 Married Maria Sarah Belliston 6 Jun 1843 at St. Mary’s Church, Battersea.15 Died 1863 at Chelsea, Middlesex, England.16
    1.3. Lucy Watson, b. abt 1823, buried 14 Feb 1851 at St. Luke, Chelsea.17
    +1.4. Rosanna Watson, b. 30 Jan 1826, baptized 26 Mar 1836 at St. Luke, Chelsea.18 Married Thomas Hobbs 25 Mar 1858 at Morphett Vale, South Australia.19 Died 18 Dec 1887 at Dunolly, Victoria, Australia.20
    1.5. Elizabeth Watson, b. 24 Jun 1828, baptized 17 Aug 1828 at St. Luke, Chelsea.21
    1.6. Mary Ann Watson, b. 18 Dec 1831, baptized 22 Apr 1832 at St. Luke, Chelsea.22
    1.7. Robert Watson, b. abt 1837, no birth record found.
    1.8. James Watson, b. 13 Aug 1838,23 buried 6 Mar 1844 at St. Luke, Chelsea.24

I had not been able to find the maiden name of Sarah Watson’s mother Ann for several years, which created a “brick wall” of sorts. I noticed on the 1841 Census,25 James and Ann Watson had at least one son, James, that should have had his birth registered with the General Register Office. It took a few tries to get the correct certificate, but it confirmed Ann’s surname. As of November 2016, the GRO birth index up to 1916 is searchable on their website, and now lists the mother’s previous surname. This update eliminates the trial and error and wasted money the previous system caused.26

James Watson was born on 13 Aug 1838 at No. 1 Eatly’s Buildings on Manor Street in Chelsea. His parents were James Watson, cordwainer, and Ann Copperthite.23 A cordwainer is a shoemaker that makes brand new shoes from new leather. This is in contrast to a cobbler, who would repair old shoes or piece together “new” footwear from old leather or parts of worn-out shoes.27

James Watson, birth certificate, 13 Aug 1838, Chelsea St. Luke
James Watson, birth certificate, 13 Aug 1838, Chelsea St. Luke.23

The Watson family appears in the 1841 Census living at Eatley’s Place in Chelsea St. Luke, as shown in the image below. So this is definitely the same family. Charles Booth’s Poverty walk notebooks have a description of this neighborhood.28

From Alpha Place and Collingwood…

North to Eatly’s Buildings (this is phonetic spelling; no name up; name per a child). Row of 2 st. cottages with closets built out in front; poor but quiet; number of hearty looking children playing here; l.b.[light blue] rather than d.b. [dark blue] of map. Column out on south side.

James Watson family, 1841 Census, St. Luke Chelsea, Middlesex
James Watson family, 1841 Census, St. Luke Chelsea, Middlesex.25

The website, Ye Blacke Booke of Eatly by David Thomas, which documents occurrences of the surname Eatly, describes Eatley’s Buildings in the following passage.29

EATLEY BUILDINGS, Manor Street, Chelsea, London SW3. [Built by Benjamin Eatley 1794-1859 ?]…The 1881 census [Class: RG11; Piece: 77; Folio: 34; Page: 8] shows Eatley’s Buildings as six dwellings housing thirty one persons in seven households. The buildings appear on maps as a cul-de-sac on the east side of Manor Street and are listed in a 1921 London directory as between 51 Manor Street William Miller, Butcher and 53 & 55 Manor Street Joseph Saunders, Marine Store Dealer. Now demolished.

The six buildings in the cul-de-sac are evident in the 1865 Ordnance Survey map below. Eatley’s Buildings are between Wellington Street and Collingwood Street, on the east side of Manor Street, west of Flood Street [which used to be called Queen Street].30

Eatley's Buildings, Manor Street, Chelsea, London, Ordnance Survey, 1865, reproduced with the permission of the National Library of Scotland
Eatley’s Buildings, Manor Street, Chelsea, London, Ordnance Survey, 1865, reproduced with the permission of the National Library of Scotland.30

The year after the 1841 Census shown above, the Watson family’s fortune took a turn for the worse. Ann Watson, matriarch of the family, died of consumption at age 50 on 29 Sep 1842. Her death certificate lists her as the wife of James Watson of 1 Eatley’s Buildings on Manor Street, Chelsea.32 She was buried at St. Luke’s Church in Chelsea on 5 Oct 1842.33

Ann Watson, age 50, wife of James Watson shoemaker, death certificate 29 Sep 1842, 1 Eatley's Buildings, Chelsea, Middlesex
Ann Watson, age 50, wife of James Watson shoemaker, death certificate 29 Sep 1842, 1 Eatley’s Buildings, Chelsea, Middlesex.32

James Watson, the family’s only breadwinner, became ill with chronic bronchitis. He died the next year on Christmas Day at the Chelsea Workhouse.34 He was buried four days later on 29 Dec 1843.35 Little James Watson Jr., age 6, died the next spring, and was buried along with his parents in the churchyard at St. Luke’s Church in Chelsea on 6 Mar 1844.36

James Watson, age 61, pauper, death certificate, , 25 Dec 1843, Chelsea Workhouse, Middlesex
James Watson, age 61, pauper, death certificate, 25 Dec 1843, Chelsea Workhouse, Middlesex.34

After the deaths of Ann and James, least three of the unmarried Watson children became Workhouse inmates. Lucy Watson died and was buried on 14 Feb 1851 in the Workhouse at St. Luke, Chelsea.37 Robert Watson, age 13 is listed in the 1851 Census as an inmate of the North Surrey Industrial School on Anerley Road, Penge.38 Rosanna Watson became an inmate of St. Margaret’s Workhouse in Westminster, where she appears in the 1851 Census, working as a cook.39 Rosanna Watson later immigrated to Australia and married Thomas Hobbs. Rosanna Watson Hobbs died in Dunolly, Victoria, Australia on 18 Dec 1887.40

1.4. Rosanna Watson and Thomas Hobbs were married on 25 Mar 1858 in Morphett Vale, South Australia, Australia. 41
+1.4.1. Emma Hobbs, b. 10 Sep 1858 at Morphett Vale, South Australia, Australia.42 d. 03 Jan 1942 at Kalgoorlie, Western Australia, Australia.43 MarriedHenry Greaves (1853-1913) on 15 May 1877 at Goldsborough, Victoria, Australia.44 Had issue.
1.4.2. Amy Hobbs, b. 08 Oct 1860 at Inglewood, Victoria, Australia.45 d. 14 Apr 1862 at Inglewood, Victoria, Australia.46
+1.4.3. Hannah Hobbs, b. 13 Oct 1866 at Dunolly, Victoria, Australia.47 d. 21 May 1906 at Castlemaine, Victoria, Australia.48 Married: Walter Harris (1862-?) on 20 Jul 1885 at Inglewood, Victoria, Australia.49 Had Issue.
1.4.4. Robert Hobbs, b. 14 May 1869 at Dunolly, Victoria, Australia.50 d. 4 Nov 1869 at Dunolly, Victoria, Australia.51

Joseph Robert Watson married twice. He married his first wife Elizabeth Middleton in the summer of 1840.52 She died a short time later that same year.53 In the 1841 Census, he is shown living in the household of his sister Sarah Watson Courtneidge, and working as a baker.54 Joseph remarried on 6 Jun 1843 at St. Mary’s Church in Battersea to Maria Sarah Belliston. This marriage record lists him as a widower and the son of James Watson, shoemaker.55 He had no surviving children by either of his wives. Joseph Robert Watson died in 1863 in Chelsea at the age of 43.56

Charles and Sarah Courtneidge family 1841 Census, Barnes, Surrey
Charles and Sarah Courtneidge family 1841 Census, Barnes, Surrey.54

I was not able to track what happened to the other children of James Watson and Ann Copperthite: Elizabeth, Mary Ann, and Robert.

1.1. Sarah Watson and Charles Courtneidge were married on 11 Jun 1838 at St. Mary’s Church, Lambeth, Surrey England.

1.1.1. Charles John Courtneidge, b. 17 Jan 1839, baptized 17 Feb 1839 at St. Mary’s, Barnes, Surrey, England.57 d. 1859, buried 29 Apr 1859 at All Saints Church, Wandsworth, Surrey, England.58
1.1.2. Reuben Henry Courtneidge, b. 1840, baptized 30 Aug 1840 at St. Mary’s, Barnes, Surrey.59 d. 1862, buried 15 Sep 1862 at St. Mary’s Putney, Surrey, England.60 Married Eliza Cook on 24 Dec 1859 at St. Paul’s Church, Hammersmith, Middlesex, England.61

1.1.2.1. Henry Courtneidge (1857)

1.1.3. William James Courtneidge, b. 11 Feb 1842, baptized 13 Mar 1842 at St. Mary’s Wimbledon, Surrey, England.62 d. 1855, buried 9 Jan 1855 at St. Mary the Virgin, Mortlake, Surrey.63
1.1.4. Sarah Hannah Lucy Courtneidge, b. 28 Apr 1844,64 baptized 26 May 1844 at St. Mary’s, Wimbledon, Surrey, England.65 d. 22 Mar 1928 at St. John’s Hill, Battersea, London, England.66 Married Thomas Ward (son of Thomas Ward and Mary Ann Maria Walters) on 5 Aug 1867 at St. Paul’s Church, Hammersmith, Middlesex, England.67

1.1.4.1. Thomas James Ward (1863-?)
1.1.4.2. Ellen Courtneidge Ward (1866-1866)
1.1.4.3. Mary Ann Ward (1868-1928)
1.1.4.4. Elizabeth Ward (1870-1949)
1.1.4.5. Charles Henry Ward (1873-1938)
1.1.4.6. Sarah Ward (1875-1876)
1.1.4.7. Henry Ward (1876-1954)
1.1.4.8. Emily Ward (1879-1970)
1.1.4.9. Alfred John Ward (1883-1953)
1.1.4.10. Rosina Ward (1886-1960)
1.1.4.11. John Ward (about 1886/88-1918)
1.1.4.12. George William Ward (1889-1954)

1.1.5. James Joseph Courtneidge, b. 1846, baptized 2 Aug 1846 at St. Mary’s Wimbledon, Surrey, England.68 d. in Lewisham, London, England.69 Married Annie Bridgeman on 28 Apr 1883 at St. Mary’s, Lewisham, Kent, England.70

1.1.5.1. Sarah Ann Courtneidge (1884)
1.1.5.1. Charles Reuben Courtneidge (1885)
1.1.5.1. James Henry Courtneidge (1887)
1.1.5.1. William George Courtneidge (1888)
1.1.5.1. Alfred James Courtneidge (1891)

1.1.6. Henry Reuben Courtneidge, b. 1849, baptized 16 Mar 1849 at St. Mary’s Wimbledon, Surrey, England.71 d. unknown.72 Married Jane Lipscomb on 7 Aug 1876 at St. Anne’s, Wandsworth, Surrey, England.73

1.1.6.1. Rosina Martha Courtneidge (1877)

1.1.7. Elizabeth Courtneidge, b. 1851 at Barnes, Surrey, England.74 d. unknown.75 Married Robert Smith on 29 May 1882 at St. Mary’s, Summertown, Wandsworth.76
1.1.8. Rosina Courtneidge, b. 1853 at Barnes, Surrey, England.77 d. 6 Feb 1883 at Saginaw City, Saginaw, Michigan, USA.78 Married Alfred Ward (son of Thomas Ward and Mary Ann Maria Walters) on 21 Jul 1879 at St. John the Evangelist, Lambeth.79

1.1.8.1. Alfred Ernest Ward (1879-1953)
1.1.8.2. Charles James Ward (1880-1953)
1.1.8.3. Infant Boy Ward (1882-1883)

For more information about the family of Sarah Watson and Charles Courtneidge, see: The family of Charles Courtneidge, coachman from Leatherhead, Surrey

Reference Notes

  1. Diliff, St Luke’s Church Exterior, photograph, 2014, CC BY-SA 3.0, Wikimedia Commons (https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=31589082 : accessed 18 Nov 2016).
  2. John Salmon, St Luke’s Church, Looking West Down the Nave, photograph, 2010, CC BY-SA 2.0, Wikimedia Commons (https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=11320764 : accessed 18 Nov 2016).
  3. John Salmon, St Luke’s Church, Stained Glass Window, photograph 2010, CC BY-SA 2.0, Wikimedia Commons (https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=11320740 : accessed 18 Nov 2016).
  4. Alexander P Kapp, St Luke’s Church, West End and Organ, photograph, 2009, CC BY-SA 2.0, Wikimedia Commons (https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=14320632 : accessed 18 Nov 2016).
  5. England, birth certificate for Sarah Hannah Lucy Courtneidge, daughter of Charles Courtneidge, coachman, and Sarah Watson, born 28 Apr 1844, registered Apr-Jun 1844, Registration District: Kingston, vol. 4, p. 210, no. 491, Sub-district: Wandsworth, Surrey; General Register Office, Southport.
  6. England, marriage certificate for Thomas James Ward & Sarah Hannah Lucy Courtneidge, married 5 Aug 1867, registered Jul-Sep 1867, Kensington, vol. 1a, p. 51, no. 199, Hammersmith St. Paul, Middlesex; General Register Office, Southport.
  7. St. Luke’s Church, Chelsea, Middlesex, Register of Baptisms, Sarah Watson, daughter of James Watson and Ann, Shoemaker, White Lion Street, baptized 6 Sep 1818, born 1 Aug 1818, p. 7, no. 55 ; digital images, “London, England, Church of England Births and Baptisms, 1813-1906,” Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com/sharing/9580519?h=a028e5 : accessed 17 Nov 2016); citing: Church of England Parish Registers, 1754-1921, London Metropolitan Archives, London.
  8. “Cowperthwaite.” In Dictionary of American Family Names, edited by Hanks, Patrick, Oxford University Press, 2003, http://www.oxfordreference.com/view/10.1093/acref/9780195081374.001.0001/acref-9780195081374-e-12549 : accessed 18 Nov 2016.
  9. St. Paul’s Church, Hammersmith, Middlesex, Register of Baptisms, Ann Copperthwaite, daughter of John and Rosanna, baptized 1792; index, digital images, “England, Pallot’s Baptism Index, 1780-1837,” Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com/sharing/9580589?h=60dec0 : accessed 17 Nov 2016); citing: original paper slip index, from which this database was created, is owned by The Institute of Heraldic and Genealogical Studies, Canterbury, England.
  10. All Saints Church, Wandsworth, London, Bishop’s transcripts 1801-1854, FHL film no. 307713, James Watson to Ann Copperthite (28 Oct 1817) p. 19, no. 57.
  11. St. Mary’s Church, Lambeth, Surrey, Register of Marriages, Charles Courtneidge and Sarah Watson, married 11 Jun 1838, p. 51, no. 101; digital images, “London, England, Church of England Marriages and Banns, 1754-1921,” Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com/sharing/9580066?h=cce52b : accessed 17 Nov 2016); citing: Church of England Parish Registers, 1754-1921, London Metropolitan Archives, London.
  12. St. Mary Magdalen, Richmond, Surrey, Register of Marriages, William Thomas Parsons and Sarah Courtneidge, married 28 Mar 1869, p. 86, no. 171, reference no. P7/1/18; digital images, “Surrey, England, Church of England Marriages, 1754-1937,” Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com/sharing/9584889?h=61a945 : accessed 17 Nov 2016); citing original Anglican Parish Registers deposited at the Surrey History Center, Woking, Surrey, England.
  13. England, death certificate for Sarah Parsons, age 66, of Mortlake, died 10 Mar 1885, Richmond Union Workhouse, registered Jan-Mar 1885, Registration District: Richmond (Surrey), vol. 2a, p. 244, no. 324, Sub-district: Richmond, County: Surrey; General Register Office, Southport.
  14. St. Luke’s Church, Chelsea, Middlesex, Register of Baptisms, Joseph Robert Watson, son of James Watson and Ann, Shoemaker, Queen Street, baptized 8 Oct 1820, born 25 Aug 1820, p. 149, no. 1187; digital images, “London, England, Church of England Births and Baptisms, 1813-1906,” Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com/sharing/9580492?h=b04fd6 : accessed 17 Nov 2016); citing: Church of England Parish Registers, 1754-1921, London Metropolitan Archives, London.
  15. “England and Wales Marriage Registration Index, 1837-2005,” Joseph Robert Watson, Quarter 3, 1840, vol. 3, p. 223, Registration District: Kensington, County: London; database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:2D49-KQ9 : 13 Dec 2014), from “England & Wales Marriages, 1837-2005,” database, FindMyPast (http://www.findmypast.com : 2012); citing: Kensington, London, England, General Register Office, Southport, England.
  16. St. Mary’s Church, Battersea, Surrey, Register of Marriages, Joseph Robert Watson and Maria Sarah Belliston, married 6 Jun 1843, reference no. P70/MRY2/039; digital images, “London, England, Church of England Marriages and Banns, 1754-1921,” Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com/sharing/9584932?h=07d05d : accessed 18 Nov 2016); citing: Church of England Parish Registers, 1754-1921, London Metropolitan Archives, London.
  17. “England and Wales Death Registration Index 1837-2007,” Joseph Robert Watson, Jul-Sep 1863, Registration District: Chelsea, vol. 1a, p. 128; database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:2NLZ-WSD : 31 Dec 2014), from “England & Wales Deaths, 1837-2006,” database, FindMyPast (http://www.findmypast.com : 2012); citing Death, Chelsea, London, England, General Register Office, Southport, England.
  18. St. Luke’s Church, Chelsea, Middlesex, Register of Burials, Lucy Watson, age 28, Chelsea Poor House, buried 14 Feb 1851, Folio 108, no. 16; digital images, “London, England, Church of England Deaths and Burials, 1813-1980,” Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com/sharing/9580251?h=0f152e : accessed 17 Nov 2016); citing: Church of England Parish Registers, 1754-1921, London Metropolitan Archives, London.
  19. St. Luke’s Church, Chelsea, Middlesex, Register of Baptisms, Rosanna Watson, daughter of James Watson and Ann, Shoemaker, Queen Street, baptized 26 Mar 1826, born 30 Jan 1826, p. 273, no. 2180; digital images, “London, England, Church of England Births and Baptisms, 1813-1906,” Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com/sharing/9580531?h=e0a1fc : accessed 17 Nov 2016); citing: Church of England Parish Registers, 1754-1921, London Metropolitan Archives, London.
  20. Australia, Marriage Index, 1788-1950, Rosanna Watson, daughter of James to Thomas Hobbs, son of Thomas, married 25 Mar 1858 at the residence of Thomas Hobbs in Morphett Vale, South Australia, vol. 33, p. 269; index, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com/sharing/9585028?h=b04697 : accessed 18 Nov 2016).
  21. Australia, Death Index, 1787-1985, Rosanna Hobbs, age 64, died 1887, Dunolly, Victoria, Australia, registration no. 13448; index, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com/sharing/9585047?h=c5bf92 : accessed 18 Nov 2016).
  22. St. Luke’s Church, Chelsea, Middlesex, Register of Baptisms, Elizabeth Watson, daughter of James Watson and Ann, Shoemaker, Queen Street, baptized 17 Aug 1828, born 24 Jun 1828, p. 212, no. 1690; digital images, “London, England, Church of England Births and Baptisms, 1813-1906,” Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com/sharing/9580498?h=850d0e : accessed 17 Nov 2016); citing: Church of England Parish Registers, 1754-1921, London Metropolitan Archives, London.
  23. St. Luke’s Church, Chelsea, Middlesex, Register of Baptisms, Mary Ann Watson, daughter of James Watson and Ann, Shoemaker, Steer’s Buildings, baptized 22 Apr 1832, born 18 Dec 1831, p. 74, no. 592; digital images, “London, England, Church of England Births and Baptisms, 1813-1906,” Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com/sharing/9580510?h=e1c9ca : accessed 17 Nov 2016); citing: Church of England Parish Registers, 1754-1921, London Metropolitan Archives, London.
  24. England, birth certificate for James Watson, son of James Watson, cordwainer, and Ann Copperthite, born 29 Sep 1842, 1 Eatly’s Buildings, Registration District: St. Luke Chelsea, vol. 3, p. 213, no. 196, Sub-district: South Chelsea, County of Middlesex; General Register Office, Southport.
  25. St. Luke’s Church, Chelsea, Middlesex, Register of Burials, James Watson, age 6, Riley Street, buried 6 Mar 1844, p. 254, no. 2038; digital images, “London, England, Church of England Deaths and Burials, 1813-1980,” Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com/sharing/9580542?h=586a89 : accessed 17 Nov 2016); citing: Church of England Parish Registers, 1754-1921, London Metropolitan Archives, London.
  26. “1841 England Census,” James Watson family, age 54, shoemaker, Eatley’s Place, St. Luke Chelsea, Class: HO107; Piece: 688; Book: 1; Civil Parish: Chelsea; County: Middlesex; Enumeration District: 6; Page: 29; Line: 8; GSU roll: 438804; digital images, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com/sharing/9574864?h=2be540 : accessed 16 Nov 2016); citing: Census Returns of England and Wales, 1841 held at The National Archives of the UK, Kew, Surrey, England.
  27. England and Wales, Index of Births, Her Majesty’s Passport Office, General Register Officehttp://www.gro.gov.uk/gro/content/certificates/default.asp : accessed: 6 Nov 2016).e
  28. “What is a Cordwainer?” The Honourable Cordwainers’ Company, (http://www.thehcc.org/backgrnd.htm : accessed 17 Nov 2016).
  29. London School of Economics & Political Science, 2001, Description of Eatley’s Buildings, Chelsea St. Luke, Booth B362, p. 158-159; digital images, Charles Booth Online Archive,(http://booth.lse.ac.uk/notebooks/b362/jpg/159.html : accessed 17 Nov 2016).
  30. David Thomas, Ye Blacke Booke of Eatly, (http://www.eatley.co.uk/occurrence.html : accessed 17 Nov 2016).
  31. Ordnance Survey Maps, London, Five feet to the Mile, 1893-1896, Sheet X.20, Publication date: 1895, National Library of Scotland, (http://maps.nls.uk/view/101201982 : accessed 17 Nov 2016).
  32. Library of the London School of Economics and Political Science, Charles Booth Maps Descriptive of London PovertyLSE reference no. BOOTH/E/1/7, digital image, Flickr.com, (https://www.flickr.com/photos/lselibrary/22128467044/ : accessed 17 Nov 2016).
  33. England, death certificate for Anne Watson, wife of James Watson, shoemaker, age 50, died 29 Sep 1842, No. 1 Eatley’s Buildings, New Manor Street, registered Oct-Dec 1842, Registration District: St. Luke, Chelsea, vol. 3, p. 31, no. 373, Sub-district: South Chelsea, County: Middlesex; General Register Office, Southport.
  34. St. Luke’s Church, Chelsea, Middlesex, Register of Burials, Ann Watson, age 50, Eatley’s Buildings, buried 5 Oct 1842, p. 103, no. 818; digital images, “London, England, Church of England Deaths and Burials, 1813-1980,” Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com/sharing/9580583?h=cc65d2 : accessed 17 Nov 2016); citing: Church of England Parish Registers, 1754-1921, London Metropolitan Archives, London.
  35. England, death certificate for James Watson, pauper, age 61, died 25 Dec 1843, Chelsea Workhouse, registered Oct-Dec 1843, Registration District: St. Luke, Chelsea, vol. 3, p. 61, no. 21, Sub-district: Chelsea North West, County: Middlesex; General Register Office, Southport.
  36. St. Luke’s Church, Chelsea, Middlesex, Register of Burials, James Watson, age 61, Poor House, buried 29 Dec 1843, p. 233, no. 1864; digital images, “London, England, Church of England Deaths and Burials, 1813-1980,” Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com/sharing/9580609?h=8fc8b2 : accessed 17 Nov 2016); citing: Church of England Parish Registers, 1754-1921, London Metropolitan Archives, London.
  37. St. Luke’s Church, Chelsea, Middlesex, Register of Burials, James Watson, age 6, Riley Street, buried 6 Mar 1844, p. 254, no. 2038; digital images, “London, England, Church of England Deaths and Burials, 1813-1980,” Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com/sharing/9580542?h=586a89 : accessed 17 Nov 2016); citing: Church of England Parish Registers, 1754-1921, London Metropolitan Archives, London.
  38. St. Luke’s Church, Chelsea, Middlesex, Register of Burials, Lucy Watson, age 28, Chelsea Poor House, buried 14 Feb 1851, Folio 108, no. 16; digital images, “London, England, Church of England Deaths and Burials, 1813-1980,” Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com/sharing/9580251?h=0f152e : accessed 17 Nov 2016); citing: Church of England Parish Registers, 1754-1921, London Metropolitan Archives, London.
  39. 1851 England Census, North Surrey Industrial School, Penge, Robert Watson, age 13, born in Chelsea, Croydon, Surrey, Class: HO107; Piece: 1601; Folio: 698; Page: 5; GSU roll: 193499; digital images, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com/sharing/9580219?h=4f33f6 : accessed 17 Nov 2016); citing: Census Returns of England and Wales, 1851 held at The National Archives of the UK, Kew, Surrey, England.
  40. 1851 England Census, St. Margaret’s, Westminster, Middlesex, Rosanna Watson, age 25, cook, born in Chelsea; digital images, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com/sharing/9580258?h=3b7a57 : accessed 17 Nov 2016); citing: Census Returns of England and Wales, 1851 held at The National Archives of the UK, Kew, Surrey, England.
  41. Australia, Death Index, 1787-1985, Rosanna Hobbs, age 64, died 1887, Dunolly, Victoria, Australia, registration no. 13448; index, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com/sharing/9585047?h=c5bf92 : accessed 18 Nov 2016).
  42. Australia, Marriage Index, 1788-1950, Rosanna Watson, daughter of James to Thomas Hobbs, son of Thomas, married 25 Mar 1858 at the residence of Thomas Hobbs in Morphett Vale, South Australia, vol. 33, p. 269; index, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com/sharing/9585028?h=b04697 : accessed 18 Nov 2016).
  43. Emma Hobbs birth record.
  44. Emma Hobbs death record.
  45. Emma Hobbs marriage record.
  46. Amy Hobbs birth record.
  47. Amy Hobbs death record.
  48. Hannah Hobbs birth record.
  49. Hannah Hobbs death record.
  50. Hannah Hobbs marriage record.
  51. Robert Hobbs birth record.
  52. Robert Hobbs death record.
  53. “England and Wales Marriage Registration Index, 1837-2005,” Joseph Robert Watson, Quarter 3, 1840, vol. 3, p. 223, Registration District: Kensington, County: London; database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:2D49-KQ9 : 13 Dec 2014), from “England & Wales Marriages, 1837-2005,” database, FindMyPast (http://www.findmypast.com : 2012); citing: Kensington, London, England, General Register Office, Southport, England.
  54. “England and Wales Death Registration Index 1837-1957,” Elizabeth Watson, age 24, Oct-Dec 1840, vol. 3, p. 204, Registration District: Kensington Union database, Heneral Register Office, HM Passport Office (https://www.gro.gov.uk/gro/content/certificates/indexes_search.asp : accessed 18 Nov 2016); citing Death, Kensington, London, England, General Register Office, Southport, England.
  55. “1841 England Census,” Juseph Watson, age 20, baker, living in the home of Charles and Sarah Courtneidge, Barnes High Street, Surrey, Class: HO107; Piece: 1046; Book: 1; Civil Parish: Barnes; County: Surrey; Enumeration District: 7; Folio: 31; Page: 10; Line: 13; GSU roll: 474648; digital images, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com/sharing/9585100?h=7d38dd : accessed 18 Nov 2016); citing: Census Returns of England and Wales, 1841 held at The National Archives of the UK, Kew, Surrey, England.
  56. St. Mary’s Church, Battersea, Surrey, Register of Marriages, Joseph Robert Watson and Maria Sarah Belliston, married 6 Jun 1843, reference no. P70/MRY2/039; digital images, “London, England, Church of England Marriages and Banns, 1754-1921,” Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com/sharing/9584932?h=07d05d : accessed 18 Nov 2016); citing: Church of England Parish Registers, 1754-1921, London Metropolitan Archives, London.
  57. “England and Wales Death Registration Index 1837-2007,” Joseph Robert Watson, Jul-Sep 1863, Registration District: Chelsea, vol. 1a, p. 128; database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:2NLZ-WSD : 31 Dec 2014), from “England & Wales Deaths, 1837-2006,” database, FindMyPast (http://www.findmypast.com : 2012); citing Death, Chelsea, London, England, General Register Office, Southport, England.
  58. St. Mary’s Church, Barnes, Surrey, Register of Baptisms, Charles Courtridge [Courtneidge], son of Charles and Sarah Courtridge [Courtneidge], servant, Barnes, baptized 17 Feb 1839, born 17 Jan 1839, p. 113, no. 904, reference no. P6/1/4; digital images, “Surrey, England, Church of England Baptisms, 1813-1912,” Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com/sharing/9591725?h=bd1ab1 : accessed 19 Nov 2016); citing original Anglican Parish Registers deposited at the Surrey History Center, Woking, Surrey, England.
  59. All Saints Church, Wandsworth, Surrey, Register of Burials, Charles John Courtneidge, age 20, Wandsworth, buried 29 Apr 1859, p. 151, no. 1195; digital images, “London, England, Church of England Deaths and Burials, 1813-1980,” Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com/sharing/9591737?h=d322ce : accessed 19 Nov 2016); citing: Church of England Parish Registers, 1754-1921, London Metropolitan Archives, London.
  60. St. Mary’s Church, Barnes, Surrey, Register of Baptisms, Reuben Henry Courtneidge, son of Charles and Sarah Courtneidge, Coach driver, Barnes, baptized 30 Aug 1840, p. 122, no. 969, reference no. P6/1/4; digital images, “Surrey, England, Church of England Baptisms, 1813-1912,” Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com/sharing/9591760?h=2b997b : accessed 19 Nov 2016); citing original Anglican Parish Registers deposited at the Surrey History Center, Woking, Surrey, England.
  61. St. Mary’s Church, Putney, Surrey, Register of Burials, Reuben Henry Courtneidge, age 22, Putney, buried 15 Sep 1862, p. 104, no. 828; digital images, “London, England, Church of England Deaths and Burials, 1813-1980,” Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com/sharing/9591760?h=2b997b : accessed 19 Nov 2016); citing: Church of England Parish Registers, 1754-1921, London Metropolitan Archives, London.
  62. “England Marriages, 1538–1973 ,” Reuben Henry Courtridge [Courtneidge], son of Charles John, and Eliza Cook, daughter of Henry Cook, married 24 Dec 1859, St. Paul’s Church, Hammersmith, Middlesex; index of FHL film 1966292, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:NNL7-WX3 : 10 Dec 2014).
  63. St. Mary’s Church, Wimbledon, Surrey, Register of Baptisms, William James Courtneidge, son of Charles and Sarah Courtneidge, Coachman, Wimbledon, baptized 13 Mar 1842, born 11 Feb 1842, p. 22, no. 170, reference no. P5/1/12; digital images, “Surrey, England, Church of England Baptisms, 1813-1912,” Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com/sharing/9591794?h=35ed08 : accessed 19 Nov 2016); citing original Anglican Parish Registers deposited at the Surrey History Center, Woking, Surrey, England.
  64. St. Mary the Virgin, Mortlake, Surrey, Register of Burials, William Courtledge [Courtneidge], age 12, Mortlake, buried 9 Jan 1855, p. 11, no. 88, reference no. 2397/1/30; digital images, “Surrey, England, Church of England Deaths and Burials, 1813-1987,” Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com/sharing/9591817?h=a333a7 : accessed 19 Nov 2016); citing original Anglican Parish Registers deposited at the Surrey History Center, Woking, Surrey, England.
  65. England, birth certificate for Sarah Hannah Lucy Courtneidge, daughter of Charles Courtneidge, coachman, and Sarah Watson, born 28 Apr 1844, registered Apr-Jun 1844, Registration District: Kingston, vol. 4, p. 210, no. 491, Sub-district: Wandsworth, Surrey; General Register Office, Southport.
  66. St. Mary’s Church, Wimbledon, Surrey, Register of Baptisms, Sarah Hannah Lucy Courtneidge, daughter of Charles Courtneidge, coachmaker, and Sarah Watson, baptized 26 May 1844, p. 39, no. 311, reference no. P5/1/12; digital images, “Surrey, England, Church of England Baptisms, 1813-1912,” Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com/sharing/9635568?h=09f77f : accessed 19 Nov 2016); citing original Anglican Parish Registers deposited at the Surrey History Center, Woking, Surrey, England.
  67. England, death certificate for Sarah Hannah Ward, age 85, of 4 Fountain Road, Tooting, widow of Thomas James Ward, a general labourer, died 22 Mar 1928, 164 St. John’s Hill, Battersea, registered Jan-Mar 1928, Registration District: Wandsworth, vol. 1d, p. 604, no. 44, Sub-district: South West Battersea, County of London; General Register Office, Southport.
  68. England, marriage certificate for Thomas James Ward & Sarah Hannah Lucy Courtneidge, married 5 Aug 1867, registered Jul-Sep 1867, Kensington, vol. 1a, p. 51, no. 199, Hammersmith St. Paul, Middlesex; General Register Office, Southport.
  69. St. Mary’s Church, Wimbledon, Surrey, Register of Baptisms, James Joseph Courtneidge, son of Charles and Sarah Courtneidge, Groom, Wimbledon, baptized 2 Aug 1846, p. 55, no. 434, reference no. P5/1/12; digital images, “Surrey, England, Church of England Baptisms, 1813-1912,” Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com/sharing/9591835?h=a2438b : accessed 19 Nov 2016); citing original Anglican Parish Registers deposited at the Surrey History Center, Woking, Surrey, England.
  70. James Joseph Courtneidge, death record not yet found.
  71. St. Mary’s Church, Lewisham, Kent, Register of Marriages, James Courtneidge, age 29, son of Charles and Annie Bridgeman, age 23, 13 Essex Place, Lewisham, married 28 Apr 1883, p. 2, no. 4; digital images, “London, England, Church of England Marriages and Banns, 1754-1921,” Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com/sharing/9591857?h=19ac6a : accessed 19 Nov 2016); citing: Church of England Parish Registers, 1754-1921, London Metropolitan Archives, London.
  72. St. Mary’s Church, Wimbledon, Surrey, Register of Baptisms, Henry Courtneidge, son of Charles and Sarah Courtneidge, Fly-driver, Wimbledon, baptized 16 Mar 1849, p. 72, no. 620, reference no. P5/1/12; digital images, “Surrey, England, Church of England Baptisms, 1813-1912,” Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com/sharing/9591872?h=0465d7 : accessed 19 Nov 2016); citing original Anglican Parish Registers deposited at the Surrey History Center, Woking, Surrey, England.
  73. Henry Reuben Courtneidge, death record not yet found.
  74. St. Anne’s Church, Wandsworth, Surrey, Register of Marriages, Henry Reuben Courtneidge, age 26, plasterer, son of Charles and Jane Stacy, age 22, daughter of Henry Stacy, St. Anne’s Wandsworth, married 7 Aug 1876, p. 222, no. 443; digital images, “London, England, Church of England Marriages and Banns, 1754-1921,” Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com/sharing/9591902?h=b624ec : accessed 19 Nov 2016); citing: Church of England Parish Registers, 1754-1921, London Metropolitan Archives, London.
  75. England and Wales, Index of Births, index entry for Female Courtneidge, Apr-Jun 1851, mother’s previous surname: Watson, Registration District: Richmond, County: Surrey, vol. 4, p. 449; General Register Office, (http://www.gro.gov.uk/gro/content/certificates/default.asp : accessed: 19 Nov 2016).
  76. Elizabeth Courtneidge Smith, death record not yet found.
  77. St. Mary’s Summerstown, Wandsworth, Surrey, Register of Marriages, Robert Smith, age 30, labourer, son of John, and Elizabeth Courtneidge, age 30, daughter of Charles Courtneidge, Coachman, Residence: Dunt’s Hill, married 29 May 1882, p. 60, no. 119; digital images, “London, England, Church of England Marriages and Banns, 1754-1921,” Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com/sharing/9592048?h=ac4fe2 : accessed 19 Nov 2016); citing: Church of England Parish Registers, 1754-1921, London Metropolitan Archives, London.
  78. England and Wales, Index of Births, index entry for Rosanna Courtneidge, Oct-Dec 1853, mother’s previous surname: Watson, Registration District: Richmond, County: Surrey, vol. 2a, p. 193; General Register Office, (http://www.gro.gov.uk/gro/content/certificates/default.asp : accessed: 19 Nov 2016).
  79. “Michigan Deaths, 1867-1897,” Rosina Ward, age 29, born in England, died 06 Feb 1883, p. 73, record no. 321; digital images of FHL microfilm 2363672, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:N3JB-3NL : 12 Dec 2014); citing death records of Saginaw, Saginaw County, Michigan, Department of Vital Records, Lansing.
  80. St. John the Evangelist, Lambeth, Surrey, Register of Marriages, Alfred Ward and Rosina Courtneidge, married 21 Jul 1879, p. 207, no. 413; digital images, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com/sharing/9513935?h=080adc : accessed 20 Aug 2016); citing: Church of England Parish Registers, 1754-1921. London Metropolitan Archives, London.

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