Thomas Ward, labourer in a Candle Factory

© A Ward 2016
St. Mary the Virgin, Mortlake, © A C Ward 2016

Family Snapshot

Husband: Thomas Ward

Born: abt 1813 in Witney, Oxfordshire, England

Died: 10 Dec 1879 in Battersea, Surrey, England

Parents: James Ward and unknown

Married: 5 Aug 1838 in Mortlake, Surrey, England to

Wife: Mary Ann Maria Walters

Born: 1820 in Epsom, Surrey, England

Died: 25 Dec 1874 in Battersea, Surrey, England

Parents: Francis Walters and Mary Price

Children:
1. Elizabeth Ward (1839-1921)
2. James William Ward (1840-1841)
3. Thomas James Ward (1843-1892)
4. Joseph William Ward (1845-1869)
5. Ellen Mary Ward (1847-1908)
6. Mary Ann Maria Ward (1849-1927)
7. Eliza Ward (1851-1909)
8. Alfred Ward (1853-1933)
9. Emily Ward (1856-1860)
10. George Ward (1859-1890)
11. William Ward (1861-?)

Relationship to: E Ward: 3rd Great-Grandparents

1. Thomas Ward (1813-1879) & Mary Ann Maria Walters (1820-1874)
2. Thomas James Ward (1843-1892) & Sarah Hannah Lucy Courtneidge (1844-1928)
3. Alfred John Ward (1883-1953) & Margaret T Styles (1876-1936)
4. James Joseph Ward (1920-2000) & Mildred Geneva Butcher (1917-1995)
5. (Living) Ward
6. E Ward

Last month I was fortunate enough visit the church of St. Mary the Virgin, Mortlake in London. I believe this is the oldest location related to my family history that I have ever been. It was here on 5 Aug 18381 that my third great-grandparents Thomas Ward and Mary Ann Maria Walters were married, marking an X in lieu of their signatures on the register. Neither Thomas nor Mary could read or write, both being the children of labourers in the time before compulsory schooling.

Thomas Ward, full age, bachelor, labourer, Mortlake, son of James Ward, labourer to Mary Ann Maria Waters, minor, Mortlake, daughter of Frank Waters, labourer. Witnesses: John Childs and Eleanor Greening.
Thomas Ward, photo from descendants of daughter Eliza Ward, linked through FamilySearch

Thomas Ward had been born near the town of Witney in Oxfordshire2 and migrated to Mortlake, likely looking for work in the market gardens that supplied produce to London markets. Mary Ann Maria Walters was born in the parish of Epsom in Surrey, daughter of Francis Walters and Mary Price. They had eleven children between 1839 and 1861. Two died in childhood (James William and Emily), eight married and had children and one (the youngest, William) joined the British Army. Two of their children, Elizabeth Ward Whitehead and Eliza Ward Spencer, joined the Mormon church and immigrated to Utah in the 1880s. Another child Alfred Ward emigrated in 1880 and settled in Genesee County, Michigan, USA.

See Mary Ann Maria Walters for more information about the Walters, Price and Greening families.

Thomas Ward and Mary Ann Maria Walters, married 5 Aug 1838 in Mortlake1

1. Elizabeth Ward

Born: 13 Jul 1839 in Mortlake, Surrey, England.27
Died: 15 Sep 1921 in Salt Lake City, Utah, USA.28
Married: George Whitehead on 24 May 1863 in Battersea, Surrey, England.29 Had issue.

2. James William Ward

Born: 18 Apr 1841 in Mortlake, Surrey, England.30
Died: Jan 1842 in Strand-on-the-Green, Chiswick, Middlesex, England.31

3. Thomas James Ward

Born: 09 Jan 1843 in Strand-on-the-Green, Chiswick, Middlesex, England.32
Died: 28 Jul 1892 in Tooting Graveney, London, England.33
Married: Sarah Hannah Lucy Courtneidge on 05 Aug 1867 in Hammersmith, Middlesex, England.34 Had issue.

4. Joseph William Ward

Born: 27 Mar 1845 in Strand-on-the-Green, Chiswick, Middlesex, England.35
Died: 1869 in Chelsea, Middlesex, England.36
Married: Eliza Ann Swinford on 22 Oct 1866 in Battersea, Surrey, England.37 Had issue.

5. Eleanor Mary Ward

Born: 02 Apr 1847 in Strand-on-the-Green, Chiswick, Middlesex, England.38
Died: Apr 1908 in Wandsworth, London, England.39
Married: George Creamer Macarty on 20 Sep 1865 in Battersea, Surrey, England.40 Had issue.

6. Mary Ann Maria Ward

Born: 10 Jun 1849 in Ham, Surrey, England.41
Died: unknown
Married: William Baines on 09 Jun 1867 in Battersea, Surrey, England.42 Had issue.

7. Eliza Ward

Born: 10 May 1851 in Battersea, Surrey, England.43
Died: 15 Jul 1909 in Millcreek, Salt Lake, Utah, USA.44
Married: Christopher Charles Spencer on 17 Oct 1869 in Wandsworth, Surrey, England.45 Had issue.

8. Alfred Ward

Born: 18 Aug 1853 in Battersea, Surrey, England.46
Died: 20 Jun 1933 in Flint, Genesee County, Michigan, USA.47
Married: (1) Rosina Courtneidge on 21 Jul 1878 in Lambeth, Surrey, England.48
Married: (2) Mary Jane Kitelinger on 25 Dec 1883 in Thetford, Genesee, Michigan, USA.49
Married: (3) Helen Close on 04 Jul 1896 50 and again on 19 Nov 1910 in Flint, Michigan.51 (The divorce from his second wife Mary Jane Kitelinger was never filed, so Alfred and Helen Close had to remarry in 191052). Had issue by (1) and (3).

9. Emily Ward

Born: 10 Feb 1856 in Battersea, Surrey, England.53
Died: bef 1861 in Battersea.54

10. George Ward

Born: 11 Jan 1859 in Battersea, Surrey, England.55
Died: abt 1890 in Wandsworth, London, England.56
Married: Annie Maria Biden on 28 Apr 1879 in St John, Battersea, England.57 Had issue.

11. William Ward

Born: 29 May 1861 in Battersea, Surrey, England.58
Died: unknown

In 1841 both the Ward and Greening families appeared in the Census for England. Thomas Ward was an agricultural labourer at Strand-on-the-Green, Chiswick in the Lane by Dean’s Garden.59 This was the market garden owned by Edward Dean in Chiswick. William Greening, wife Mary and son William are living on Mortlake High Street with James Brewer and wife Eleanor in the same household.60 Eleanor used the surname Greening as a witness in Thomas Ward and Mary Walters wedding 1 but she used the surname Walters when marrying James Brewer.14

1841 England Census

Chiswick, Middlesex

Lane by Dean’s Garden, Strand-on-the-Green
Thomas Ward – 25, ag lab
Mary Ward – 20
Elizabeth Ward – 2
James Ward – months

Mortlake High Street, Surrey

William Greening – 53, ag lab
Mary Greening – 40
William Greening – 14
James Brewer – 20, ag lab
Elanor Brewer – 15

Thomas and Mary Ward’s first son James William died at 9 months and was buried at St. Nicholas Church in Chiswick.10 They went on to have three more children while living at Strand-on-the-Green: Thomas, Joseph William and Ellen Mary. In 1849 they had another child Mary Ann Maria Ward who was baptized at Ham St. Andrew.41 Finally, Thomas moved the family to Battersea around 1850 where he first worked as a coal carter In 1851 Thomas was living on Battersea High Street with his wife Mary and children Elizabeth, Thomas, Joseph, Eleanor and Mary A.61

1851 England Census

Battersea High Street, Surrey

Thomas Ward – 37 or 39, head, lab Coal Cartry, b. Oxfordshire
Mary A Ward – 32, wife, b. Epsom, Surrey
Elizabeth Ward – 12, dau, b. Mortlake
Thomas – 8, son, b. Chiswick
Joseph – 6, son, b. Chiswick
Eleanor – 4, dau, b. Chiswick
Mary A – 2, dau, b. Ham, Surrey

By the time of the 1861 Census, the Ward family had moved to 12 Mendip Road in Battersea, where Thomas was working as a labourer in the factory for Price’s Patent Candles on York Rd down the street.62 Thomas and Mary had five more children in Battersea: Eliza, Alfred, Emily, George and William. Emily Ward, born in 1856, does not appear with her family in subsequent census returns so she must have died before 1861. Living with Thomas and Mary Ward in 1861 were their children Thomas, Joseph, Heleanor (Ellen?), Margaret (Mary Ann Maria?), Eliza, Alfred, George and their 3 month-old grandchild Emily J Ward. Elizabeth Ward, the mother of baby Emily J was unmarried and living in Upper East Sheen, working as a nursery maid63, most likely a wet nurse since she had a three month old daughter. If this was so I do wonder how her own child was fed.

1861 England Census

12 Mendip Road, Battersea, Surrey

Thomas Ward – 46, lab at Candle Factory, b. Oxford, Oxfordshire
Mary Ward – 42, wife, b. Epsom, Surrey
Thomas Ward – 18, son, b. Richmond, Surrey
Joseph Ward – 16, son, b. Richmond
Heleanor [Eleanor] Ward – 14, daughter, b. Richmond
Margaret [Mary Ann Maria] Ward – 12, dau, b. Richmond
Eliza Ward – 10, dau, b. Battersea
Alfred – 8, son, b. Battersea
George – 2, son, b. Battersea
Emily J, 3 months, grand-dau, b. Battersea

Upper East Sheen, surrey

Eliza Ward – 18, servant, unmarried, Nursery Maid, b. Mortlake

In 1871, Thomas and Mary Ward were still living on Mendip Rd, this time at No. 7.2 Three children, Alfred, George and William, were living with them at home. The rest of their children had married and started families. Three of their grown children, Ellen64, Elizabeth65 and Thomas66, lived on Mendip Rd or just near it. (Canterbury Place was a cul-de-sac off of Mendip Rd). Before the end of the next decade, Alfred and George would marry and start families as well. William Ward remained unmarried and joined the British Army in 1879.58 He frequently found himself in trouble by creating disturbances while drunk, drawing his bayonet on the escorts that removed him, threatening and offering violence to his superior officers, assaulting police constables and escaping confinement. It remains unclear if he married or had issue.

1871 England Census

7 Mendip Road, Battersea, Surrey

Thomas Ward – 58, lab, b. Witney, Oxfordshire
Mary A Ward – 51, wife, b. Mortlake
Alfred Ward – 18, son, b. Battersea
George Ward – 13, son, b. Battersea
William Ward – 10, son, b. Battersea

10 Mendip Road, Battersea, Surrey

George Creamer -27, lighterman, b. Wandsworth
Ellen Creamer – 24, wife, b. Battersea
Ellen Creamer – 4, dau, b. Battersea
Mary Creamer – 2, dau, b. Battersea
George Creamer – 4 months, son, b. Battersea

11 Mendip Road, Battersea, Surrey

George Whitehead – 28, lab, b. Wandsworth
Elizabeth Whitehead – 30, wife, b. Mortlake
Emily J Whitehead – 10, dau, b. Battersea
Frank Whitehead – 5, son, b. Battersea
George Whitehead- 5, son, b. Battersea
Frederick Whitehead- 5, son, b. Battersea
Ellis Whitehead- 5, son, b. Battersea

10 Canterbury Pl, Battersea, Surrey

Thomas Ward – 28, lab, b. Battersea
Sarah Ward – 27, wife, b. Battersea
Thomas Ward – 7, b. Battersea
Mary Ward – 3, dau, b. Battersea
Elizabeth Ward – 8 mos, dau, b. Battersea

Mary Ann Maria (Walters) Ward died from cardiac disease three years later on Christmas Day in 1874.7 Her daughter Elizabeth (Ward) Whitehead witnessed her death.

25 Dec 1874 – Mary Ann Ward, 55 years, 7 Mendip Road, Wife of Thomas Ward a Labourer at a Candle Factory; Died of Cardiac Disease; Elizabeth Whitehead (x) present at the death 11 Mendip Road, Battersea

Thomas Ward died five years after his wife on 10 Dec 1879 from stomach cancer.8 He was living at the home of his daughter Elizabeth (Ward) Whitehead and still working at the candle factory. His son-in-law Charles Spencer, husband of Eliza Ward, witnessed his death.

10 Dec 1879 – Thomas Ward, 66 years, 11 Mendip Road, Labourer at a Candle Factory, Died of Cancer of Stomach; C Spencer, Son in Law, present at the Death, 12 Keeling Terrace, Wandsworth

The building that used to house the factory for Price’s Patent Candles is still standing on York Road. I went here with my sister and my cousin the same day after visiting St. Mary the Virgin in Mortlake. There is a candle shop inside the building now.

Reference Notes


  1. England, marriage certificate for Thomas Ward and Mary Ann Maria Waters, married 5 Aug 1838, registered Jul-Sep 1838, Richmond, vol. 4, p. 411, no. 14, Mortlake, Surrey; General Register Office, Southport. 
  2. “1871 England Census,” Thomas Ward family, no. 242, 7 Mendip Rd, St. John’s, Battersea, Registration District: Wandsworth, County of Surrey, Class: RG10; Piece: 701; Folio: 79; Page: 49; GSU roll: 823340; digital images, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com/sharing/9513529?h=66c1bb : accessed 9 Jul 2016); citing Census Returns of England and Wales, 1871 held atThe National Archives of the UK, Kew, Surrey, England. 
  3. St. Martin of Tours, Epsom, Surrey, Register of Baptisms, Eleanor of Francis and Mary Walters, Labourer, baptized 15 Feb 1823, p. 106, no. 846, reference 3031/2; digital images, “Surrey, England, Church of England Baptisms 1813-1912,” Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com/sharing/9513539?h=90232f : accessed 9 Jul 2016), citing: original Church of England parish registers deposited at the Surrey History Centre, Woking. 
  4. “Canada, British Regimental Registers of Service, 1756-1900,” Francis Waters, age 18 from Epsom, Surrey, enlisted 4 May 1812, discharged 5 May 1819; 2 digital images, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com/sharing/9513551?h=400f54 : accessed 9 Jul 2016); citing: Class Number: WO 25; Class Title: 12 Foot; Piece Number: 335; Piece Title: 12 Foot, The National Archives of the UK, Kew, Surrey, England. 
  5. “Canada, British Regimental Registers of Service, 1756-1900,” Francis Waters, 12th Foot Soldiers, 1814-1818, digital images, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com/sharing/8015009?h=7bfd9d : accessed 9 Jul 2016); citing: Class Number: WO 25; Class Title: 12 Foot; Piece Number: 334; Piece Title: 12 Foot,The National Archives of the UK, Kew, Surrey, England. 
  6. Church of St. Mary, Lambeth, Surrey, Parish Registers, William Greening & Maria Price, married 26 Oct 1824, p. 248, no. 742; digital images, “London, England, Church of England Marriages and Banns, 1754-1837,” Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com/sharing/8015345?h=337a5d : accessed 9 Jul 2016), Church of England Parish Registers, 1754-1921. London Metropolitan Archives, London. 
  7. England, death certificate for Mary Ann Ward, died 25 Dec 1874, registered Oct-Dec 1874, Wandsworth, vol. 1d, p. 444, Battersea, Surrey. 
  8. England, death certificate for Thomas Ward, died 10 Dec 1879, registered Oct-Dec 1879, Wandsworth, vol. 1d, p. 476, Battersea, Surrey. 
  9. St. Martin of Tours, Epsom, Surrey, Register of Baptisms, James son of Francis and Mary Walters, Labourer, baptized 4 Feb 1821, p. 77, no. 609, reference 3031/2; digital images, “Surrey, England, Church of England Baptisms 1813-1912,” Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com/sharing/9513561?h=146e57 : accessed 9 Jul 2016), citing original Church of England parish registers deposited at the Surrey History Centre, Woking. 
  10. “Find A Grave Index,”James Francis Walters, 1902; Burial, Millcreek, Salt Lake, Utah, United States of America, Elysian Burial Gardens; database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:QVG4-LGHC : accessed 9 Jul 2016); citing: record ID 114063975, Find a Grave (http://www.findagrave.com/ : accessed 9 Jul 2016). 
  11. St Peter’s Church, Wolverhampton, Register of Marriages, James Walters of Bilson, miner, son of F. Walters, gardener to Susannah Cooper dau of T Cooper, miner, married 29 Dec 1845, p. 78, no. 155, reference no. D1157/1/1/49; digital images, “Staffordshire Marriages,” FindMyPast (http://www.findmypast.com/ : accessed 9 Jul 2016). 
  12. “England Marriages, 1538–1973 ,”James Walters and Susannah Cooper, 29 Dec 1845; database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:N6CJ-26M : accessed 9 Jul 2016); citing: St. Peter, Wolverhampton, Stafford, England, reference 78; FHL microfilm 1,040,904. 
  13. Saint Mary the Virgin,Twickenham, Richmond Upon Thames, Middlesex, Register of Burials (Bishop’s Transcripts), Eleanor Brewer age 63, 4. Staten Gardens, buried 14 Jul 1892, p. 185, no. 1497, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com/sharing/9513581?h=c37a36 : accessed 9 Jul 2016); citing: Church of England Parish Registers, 1754-1921. London Metropolitan Archives, London. 
  14. St. Mary the Virgin, Mortlake, Surrey, Register of Marriages, James Brewer & Eleanor Waters, married 7 Jul 1840, p. 17, no. 34, reference no. 2397/1/18; digital images, “Surrey, England, Church of England Baptisms 1813-1912,” Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com/sharing/9513586?h=ffe3db : accessed 9 Jul 2016), citing: original Church of England parish registers deposited at the Surrey History Centre, Woking.
  15. St. Mary the Virgin, Mortlake, Surrey, Register of Baptisms, William Richard of William and Mary Greening, Labourer, baptized 29 Jul 1827, p. 126, no. 1002, reference no. 2397/1/4; digital images, “Surrey, England, Church of England Baptisms 1813-1912,” Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com/sharing/8851721?h=ccb6f3 : accessed 9 Jul 2016), citing: original Church of England parish registers deposited at the Surrey History Centre, Woking. 
  16. “England and Wales Death Registration Index,” William Greening age 42, registered Oct-Dec 1881, Richmond, Surrey, vol. 2a, p. 196, line no. 257, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:2JD2-9ML : accessed 9 Jul 2016); citing: Death, Richmond (Surrey), Surrey, England, General Register Office, Southport. 
  17. “England Marriages, 1538–1973 ,”William Richard Greening and Margaret Donavan, 20 Nov 1853; database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:NNLQ-GZ3 : accessed 9 Jul 2016); citing: St. Paul, Hammersmith, Middlesex, England, reference it 1, p 6, no 11; FHL microfilm 1,966,291. 
  18. St. Mary the Virgin, Mortlake, Surrey, Register of Baptisms, Elizabeth of William and Mary Greening, Labourer, baptized 13 Jun 1830, p. 154, no. 1228, reference no. 2397/1/4; digital images, “Surrey, England, Church of England Baptisms 1813-1912,” Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com/sharing/9513600?h=670791 : accessed 9 Jul 2016), citing: original Church of England parish registers deposited at the Surrey History Centre, Woking.
  19. St. Mary the Virgin, Mortlake, Surrey, Register of Burials, Elizabeth Greening age 10, buried 10 May 1839, p. 188, no. 1498, reference no. 2397/1/28; digital images, “Surrey, England, Church of England Baptisms 1813-1912,” Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com/sharing/9513606?h=c5400a : accessed 9 Jul 2016), citing: original Church of England parish registers deposited at the Surrey History Centre, Woking.
  20. St. Mary the Virgin, Mortlake, Surrey, Register of Baptisms, Richard of William and Maria Greening, Labourer, baptized 7 Apr 1833, p. 186, no. 1488, reference no. 2397/1/4; digital images, “Surrey, England, Church of England Baptisms 1813-1912,” Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com/sharing/9513727?h=b0854e : accessed 9 Jul 2016), citing: original Church of England parish registers deposited at the Surrey History Centre, Woking.
  21. St. Mary the Virgin, Mortlake, Surrey, Register of Burials, Richard son of William and Mary Greening, buried 1 Jun 1834, p. 145, no. 1154, reference no. 2397/1/28; digital images, “Surrey, England, Church of England Baptisms 1813-1912,” Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com/sharing/9513611?h=345838 : accessed 9 Jul 2016), citing: original Church of England parish registers deposited at the Surrey History Centre, Woking.
  22. St. Mary the Virgin, Mortlake, Surrey, Register of Baptisms, Henry of William and Mary Greening, Labourer, baptized 28 Jun 1835, p. 16, no. 1666, reference no. 2397/1/5; digital images, “Surrey, England, Church of England Baptisms 1813-1912,” Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com/sharing/9513732?h=27863f : accessed 9 Jul 2016), citing: original Church of England parish registers deposited at the Surrey History Centre, Woking.
  23. St. Mary the Virgin, Mortlake, Surrey, Register of Burials, Henry Greening age 2, buried 27 Jul 1837, p. 172, no. 1375, reference no. 2397/1/28; digital images, “Surrey, England, Church of England Baptisms 1813-1912,” Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com/sharing/9513750?h=8a406f : accessed 9 Jul 2016), citing: original Church of England parish registers deposited at the Surrey History Centre, Woking.
  24. England, birth certificate for Maria Greening, born 9 Aug 1838, registered Jul-Sep 1838, Richmond, vol. 4, p. 382, Mortlake, Surrey; General Register Office, Southport. 
  25. St. Mary the Virgin, Mortlake, Surrey, Register of Burials, Maria Greening age 0 daughter of William & Mary Greening, buried 30 Aug 1838, p. 181, no. 1447, reference no. 2397/1/28; digital images, “Surrey, England, Church of England Baptisms 1813-1912,” Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com/sharing/9513760?h=901c97 : accessed 9 Jul 2016), citing: original Church of England parish registers deposited at the Surrey History Centre, Woking.
  26. St. Mary the Virgin, Mortlake, Surrey, Register of Baptisms, Maria of William and Mary Greening, Labourer, baptized 23 Aug 1838, p. 47, no. 1907, reference no. 2397/1/5; digital images, “Surrey, England, Church of England Baptisms 1813-1912,” Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com/sharing/9513761?h=2a8536 : accessed 9 Jul 2016), citing: original Church of England parish registers deposited at the Surrey History Centre, Woking.
  27. England, birth certificate for Elizabeth Ward, born 13 Jul 1839, registered Jul-Sep 1839, Richmond, vol. 2, p. 338, Mortlake, Surrey; General Register Office, Southport. 
  28. “Utah, Salt Lake County Death Records, 1849-1949,”, Elizabeth Ward Whitehead, 15 Sep 1921; database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:NQ4J-MLG : accessed 9 Jul 2016); citing: Salt Lake City, Salt Lake, Utah, Management and Archives, Salt Lake City; FHL microfilm 4,139,727. 
  29. St. Mary’s Church, Battersea, Register of Marriages, George Whitehead & Elizabeth Ward, married 24 May 1863, p. 78, no. 155; digital images, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com/sharing/9513764?h=29254d : accessed 9 Jul 2016); citing: Church of England Parish Registers, 1754-1921. London Metropolitan Archives, London. 
  30. England, birth certificate for James William Ward, born 18 Apr 1841, registered Apr-Jun 1841, Richmond, vol. 4, p. 362, Mortlake, Surrey; General Register Office, Southport. 
  31. St. Nicholas, Chiswick, Middlesex, Register of Burials (Bishop’s Transcripts), James William Ward, age 9 months, Strand-on-the-Green, buried 30 Jan 1842, p. 174, no. 11; digital images, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com/sharing/9513767?h=bbb4a4 : accessed 9 Jul 2016); citing: Church of England Parish Registers, 1754-1921. London Metropolitan Archives, London. 
  32. England, birth certificate for Thomas Joseph Ward, born 9 Jan 1843, registered Jan-Mar 1843, Brentford, vol. 3, p. 12, no. 336, Strand-on-the-Green, Chiswick, Middlesex; General Register Office, Southport. 
  33. England, marriage certificate for Thomas James Ward & Sarah Hannah Lucy Courtneidge, married 5 Aug 1867, registered Jul-Sep 1867, Kensington, vol. 1a, p. 51, no. 199, Hammersmith St. Paul, Middlesex; General Register Office, Southport. 
  34. England, death certificate for Thomas James Ward, age 49, died 28 Jul 1892, registered Jul-Aug 1892, Wandsworth, vol. 1d, p. 400, no. 197, Tooting, Streatham, London; General Register Office, Southport. 
  35. England, birth certificate for Joseph William Ward, born 27 Mar 1845, registered Apr-Jun 1845, Brentford, vol. 3, p. 14, Chiswick, Middlesex; General Register Office, Southport. 
  36. St. Mary’s Church, Battersea, Register of Burials, Joseph Thomas Ward, age 24, Church Road Battersea, buried 10 Jun 1869, p. 100, no. 796; digital images, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com/sharing/9514016?h=683b42 : accessed 9 Jul 2016); citing: Church of England Parish Registers, 1754-1921. London Metropolitan Archives, London. 
  37. St. Mary’s Church, Battersea, Register of Marriages, Joseph Ward & Eliza Ann Swinford, married 22 Oct 1866, p. 207, no. 414; digital images, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com/sharing/9514003?h=367562 : accessed 9 Jul 2016); citing: Church of England Parish Registers, 1754-1921. London Metropolitan Archives, London. 
  38. England, birth certificate for Ellen Mary Ward, born 2 Apr 1847, registered Apr-Jun 1847, Brentford, vol. 3, p. 17, Chiswick, Middlesex; General Register Office, Southport. 
  39. “England and Wales Death Registration Index 1837-2007,” Eleanor Mary Macarty, age 61, registered Apr-Jun 1908, vol. 1d, p. 348, line no. 197; database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:2JSF-YXH : accessed 9 Jul 2016); from “England & Wales Deaths, 1837-2006,” database, FindMyPast (http://www.findmypast.com : 2012); citing: Death, Wandsworth, London, England, General Register Office, Southport. 
  40. St. Mary’s Church, Battersea, Register of Marriages, George Macarty & Ellen Mary Ward, married 20 Sep 1865, p. 170, no. 339; digital images, “London, England, Church of England Births and Baptisms, 1813-1906,” Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com/sharing/9514000?h=846e7c : accessed 9 Jul 2016); citing: Church of England Parish Registers, 1754-1921. London Metropolitan Archives, London. 
  41. England, birth certificate for Mary Ann Maria Ward, born 10 Jun 1849, registered Jul-Aug 1849, Kingston, vol. 4, p. 202, Ham, Surrey; General Register Office, Southport. 
  42. St. Mary’s Church, Battersea, Register of Marriages, William Baines & Mary Ann Ward, married 9 Jun 1867, p. 233, no. 466; digital images, “London, England, Church of England Births and Baptisms, 1813-1906,” Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com/sharing/9513997?h=955d92 : accessed 9 Jul 2016); citing: Church of England Parish Registers, 1754-1921. London Metropolitan Archives, London. 
  43. St. Mary’s Church, Battersea, Register of Baptisms, Eliza Ward, daughter of Thomas and Mary Ann Maria Ward, baptized 8 Jun 1851, born 10 May 1851, p. 142, no. 1135; digital images, “London, England, Church of England Births and Baptisms, 1813-1906,” Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com/sharing/9513991?h=fdf173 : accessed 9 Jul 2016); citing: Church of England Parish Registers, 1754-1921. London Metropolitan Archives, London. 
  44. All Saints Church, Wandsworth, Register of Marriages, Christopher Charles Spencer & Eliza Ward, married 17 Oct 1869, p. 120, no. 239; digital images, “London, England, Church of England Births and Baptisms, 1813-1906,”Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com/sharing/9513988?h=e33120 : accessed 9 Jul 2016); citing: Church of England Parish Registers, 1754-1921. London Metropolitan Archives, London. 
  45. “Utah Death Certificates, 1904-1964”, Eliza Ward Spencer, age 58, died 15 Jul 1909; database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:XZLB-XXH : accessed 9 Jul 2016). 
  46. St. Mary’s Church, Battersea, Register of Baptisms, Alfred Ward, son of Thomas and Mary Ann Maria Ward, baptized 20 Oct 1853, born 18 Aug 1853, p. 225, no. 1796; digital images, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com/sharing/9513942?h=b26915 : accessed 9 Jul 2016); citing: Church of England Parish Registers, 1754-1921. London Metropolitan Archives, London. 
  47. “Death Records, 1921-1947,”death certificate for Alfred Ward, age 79, died 20 Jun 1933, no.015225; digital images, Seeking Michigan(seekingmichigan.com…Alfred Ward : accessed 9 Jul 2016); citing: Death Certificates held at Michigan Department of Community Health, Vital Records Office, Lansing. 
  48. St. John the Evangelist, Lambeth, Surrey, Register of Marriages, Alfred Ward and Rosina Courtneidge, married 21 Jul 1879, p. 207, no. 413; digital images, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com/sharing/9513935?h=080adc : accessed 9 Jul 2016); citing: Church of England Parish Registers, 1754-1921. London Metropolitan Archives, London. 
  49. “Michigan Marriages, 1868-1925,”Alfred Ward & Mary Jane Kitelinger, 25 Dec 1883; database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:NQ3T-6XQ : accessed 9 Jul 2016), citing: Thetford, Genesee, Michigan, vol. 1, p. 344, record no. 5592, Department of Vital Records, Lansing; FHL microfilm 2,342,472. 
  50. “Michigan Marriages, 1868-1925,”Alfred Ward and Helen Close, 04 Jul 1896; database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:NQ3Z-QNS : accessed 9 Jul 2016);  citing: Flint, Genesee, Michigan, vol. 1, p. 17, record no. 3180, Department of Vital Records, Lansing; FHL microfilm 2,342,503. 
  51. “Michigan, County Marriages, 1820-1940,”Alfred Ward and Helen Close, 15 Nov 1910, p. 295, record no. 9530; database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:FCCK-V1C : accessed 9 Jul 2016). 
  52. “Discover they have no divorce,” Saginaw (Michigan) Daily News, 8 Oct 1910, p.2, col. 5. 
  53. St. Mary’s Church, Battersea, Register of Baptisms, Emily Ward, daughter of Thomas and Mary Ann Maria Ward, baptized 6 Apr 1856, born 10 Feb 1856, p. 285, no. 2274; digital images, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com/sharing/9514046?h=5c4b62 : accessed 9 Jul 2016); citing: Church of England Parish Registers, 1754-1921. London Metropolitan Archives, London. 
  54. “1891 England Census,” Annie Ward, widow, and children, Class: RG12; Piece: 447; Folio: 141; Page: 70; GSU roll: 6095557; digital images, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com/sharing/9514047?h=0fdc1e : accessed 9 Jul 2016); Census Returns of England and Wales, 1891 held at The National Archives of the UK (TNA), Kew, Surrey, England. 
  55. St. Mary’s Church, Battersea, Register of Baptisms, George Ward, son of Thomas and Mary Ward, baptized 13 Mar 1864, born 11 Jan 1859, p. 238, no. 1901; digital images, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com/sharing/9514059?h=527d5b : accessed 9 Jul 2016); citing: Church of England Parish Registers, 1754-1921. London Metropolitan Archives, London. 
  56. St. John’s Battersea, Register of Marriages, George Ward and Annie Maria Biden, married 28 Apr 1879, p. 15, no. 29; digital images, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com/sharing/9514062?h=6d4f1c : accessed 9 Jul 2016); citing: Church of England Parish Registers, 1754-1921. London Metropolitan Archives, London. 
  57. St. Mary’s Church, Battersea, Register of Baptisms, William Ward, son of Thomas and Mary Ward, baptized 13 Mar 1864, born 29 May 1861, p. 238, no. 1902; digital images, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com/sharing/9514059?h=527d5b : accessed 9 Jul 2016); citing: Church of England Parish Registers, 1754-1921. London Metropolitan Archives, London. 
  58. “British Army WWI Service Records, 1914-1920, William Ward, age 18, Battersea, document no. 1879, regimental no. 1576; 17 digital images, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com/sharing/9514074?h=dfac6a : accessed 9 Jul 2016); citing: War Office: Soldiers’ Documents, First World War ‘Burnt Documents’ (Microfilm Copies); Microfilm Publication WO363,The National Archives of the UK, Kew, Surrey, England. 
  59. “1841 England Census,” Thomas Ward family, Class: HO107; Piece: 689; Book: 3; Civil Parish: Chiswick; County: Middlesex; Enumeration District: 7; Folio: 53; Page: 22; Line: 18-21; GSU roll: 438805; digital images, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com/sharing/9513499?h=44c8cd : accessed 9 Jul 2016); citing: Census Returns of England and Wales, 1841 held at The National Archives of the UK, Kew, Surrey, England. 
  60. “1841 England Census,” William Greening and James Brewer family, Class: HO107; Piece: 1062; Book: 2; Civil Parish: Mortlake; County: Surrey; Enumeration District: 1; Folio: 10; Page: 11-12; Line: 25, 1; GSU roll: 474656; digital images, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com/sharing/9514079?h=8af0ba : accessed 9 Jul 2016); citing: Census Returns of England and Wales, 1841 held at The National Archives of the UK, Kew, Surrey, England.
  61. “1851 England Census,” Thomas Ward family, no. 99, High Street, Battersea St. Mary, Registration District: Wandsworth, County of Surrey, Class: HO107; Piece: 1577; Folio: 115; Page: 25; GSU roll: 174813; digital images, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com/sharing/9513506?h=d3aee3 : accessed 9 Jul 2016); citing: Census Returns of England and Wales, 1851 held at The National Archives of the UK, Kew, Surrey, England.
  62. “1861 England Census,” Thomas Ward family, 12 Mendip Road, Battersea St. Mary, Registration District: Wandsworth, County of Surrey, Class: RG 9; Piece: 370; Folio: 176; Page: 24; GSU roll: 542625; digital images, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com/sharing/9513512?h=efa5d7 : accessed 9 Jul 2016); citing: Census Returns of England and Wales, 1861 held at The National Archives of the UK, Kew, Surrey, England. 
  63. “1861 England Census,” Eliza Ward, servant, nursery maid, born in Mortlake, East Sheen, Registration District: Richmond, County of Surrey, Class: RG 9; Piece: 461; Folio: 69; Page: 18; GSU roll: 542642; digital images, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com/sharing/9513686?h=1db102 : accessed 9 Jul 2016);citing: Census Returns of England and Wales, 1861 held at The National Archives of the UK, Kew, Surrey, England. 
  64. “1871 England Census,” George and Ellen Creamer family, no. 245, 10 Mendip Rd, St. John’s, Battersea, Registration District: Wandsworth, County of Surrey, Class: RG10; Piece: 701; Folio: 79; Page: 49; GSU roll: 823340; digital images, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com/sharing/9513637?h=b70370 : accessed 9 Jul 2016); citing: Census Returns of England and Wales, 1871 held at The National Archives of the UK, Kew, Surrey, England. 
  65. “1871 England Census,” George and Elizabeth Whitehead family, no. 247, 11 Mendip Rd, St. John’s, Battersea, Registration District: Wandsworth, County of Surrey, Class: Class: RG10; Piece: 701; Folio: 79; Page: 50; GSU roll: 823340; digital images, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com/sharing/9513652?h=b66276 : accessed 9 Jul 2016); citing: Census Returns of England and Wales, 1871 held at The National Archives of the UK, Kew, Surrey, England. 
  66. “1871 England Census,” Thomas Ward family, no. 268, 10 Canterbury Place, St. John’s, Battersea, Registration District: Wandsworth, County of Surrey, Class: RG10; Piece: 701; Folio: 81; Page: 55; GSU roll: 823340; digital images, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com/sharing/9513520?h=4e80f5 : accessed 9 Jul 2016); citing: Census Returns of England and Wales, 1871 held at The National Archives of the UK, Kew, Surrey, England. 

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